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Accueil du site → Doctorat → États-Unis → 2013 → Agricultural Change, Land and Violence : An Examination of the Region of Darfur, Sudan.

Tufts University (2013)

Agricultural Change, Land and Violence : An Examination of the Region of Darfur, Sudan.

Osman, Abdal Monium

Titre : Agricultural Change, Land and Violence : An Examination of the Region of Darfur, Sudan.

Auteur : Osman, Abdal Monium.

Université de soutenance  :

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) 2013

Résumé partiel
Over the past two decades, protracted conflicts have become a prominent feature in many African countries. In Sudan, it is almost nine years since the crisis in Darfur manifested itself to the international community in the form of massive displacement and killings following the brutal counterinsurgency campaign in 2003. Though the violence in Darfur has attracted much attention and analysis, the local dimension of the crisis remains a gap in these analyses. The most important elements that have been accorded little, if any, attention are the agricultural change and the related changes to the land-rights and land-use system. This thesis explores the connection between these issues and violence. It is composed of three analyses that examine (1) the nature of change in agriculture and land use, and how such change affected the resource utilization pattern and the interdependence between pastoral livestock production and shifting crop cultivation ; (2) land allocation and acquisition between groups and individuals in a context of changing land use ; and (3) the implications of these changes for the local-level traditional institutions that oversee land rights and settle conflicts, and their further implications for violence in the region. The study area is located in North Darfur State and forms the northeastern extension of Jebel Marra. The study area is a hub of interaction of farming and pastoral livestock production and is characterized by chronic conflicts and social tensions. Qualitative research methods were used to examine the research questions. Data were collected from farmers and transhumant pastoralists in 28 villages in the different agricultural zones in the area, from pastoralists in 8 pastoralists settlements, and from key informants and business groups in the study area. Data collected were transcribed, imported, and analyzed using computer-based qualitative analysis software (QSR NVivo 8). The thesis investigates changes in land use since the nineteen-sixties. Shifting crop cultivation first changed into continuous land use and since then has evolved into a stabilized agricultural system of mixed farming. This change in land use has had serious consequences for the cyclic use of land, which allows crop cultivation and pastoralism to take place on the same land. It has also disrupted the multiple and overlapping land-use systems, eroded the mutual interdependencies between cultivation and pastoralism, and broken the traditional twining between these two systems of land use

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