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Accueil du site → Doctorat → États-Unis → 1991 → The characteristics and determinants of food consumption of poor households in urban Mali

Tufts University (1991)

The characteristics and determinants of food consumption of poor households in urban Mali

Lowdermilk, Melanee Lynn

Titre : The characteristics and determinants of food consumption of poor households in urban Mali

Auteur : Lowdermilk, Melanee Lynn.

Université de soutenance  : Tufts University

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) 1991

Résumé
Seventy-six percent of poor households are calorie deficient in urban Mali. This research identifies characteristics of the poor population and of their behavior (price and income responsiveness) to inform the design of interventions to increase their calorie consumption. The methods of analysis were a descriptive assessment of consumption, demographic, and employment characteristics of poor households, and an econometric analysis of the determinants of food consumption.

Consumption patterns of poor and wealthy households are strikingly similar. Caloric deficiency is concentrated in the lower 5 per capita expenditure deciles. As expenditure rises the proportion of calories from food groups remains stable, while calorie consumption levels rise dramatically. There is no inferior food. The multivariate analysis shows a higher responsiveness of the poor than the wealthy to changes in expenditure. Regression results indicate substitutability between rice and coarse grains for poor households : when millet/sorghum prices increase, rice substitutes for coarse grains. A symmetrical relationship was not observed for increases in rice prices. Home production of food has a positive impact on consumption. The analysis of demographic/employment characteristics shows : (i) Poor households have more children than wealthy households, (ii) Employment structure across households is similar, (iii) Low levels of education are concentrated among the poor.

Long-term economic growth is a necessary, but insufficient condition for poverty reduction. Additional interventions are needed to ensure that the benefits of growth reach and enhance the consumption possibilities of the poor.

Présentation (ProQuest)

Page publiée le 9 juin 2021