Informations et ressources scientifiques
sur le développement des zones arides et semi-arides

Accueil du site → Doctorat → Norvège → Village politics : Heterogeneity, leadership, and collective action among Fulani of Mali

Agricultural University of Norway (1997)

Village politics : Heterogeneity, leadership, and collective action among Fulani of Mali

Vedeld, Trond.

Titre : Village politics : Heterogeneity, leadership, and collective action among Fulani of Mali

Auteur : Vedeld, Trond.

Université de soutenance  : Agricultural University of Norway

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) 1997

Résumé
The study focuses on resource conflict and capacities for collective action among stratified Fulani agro-pastoral societies. The case is used to discuss general theories on institutional change and property rights regimes. The study finds that local groups are able to organise and co-operate in resource management. Heterogeneity does not generally hinder collective action. High stock of social capital and trust in leadership explain successful regimes. Historical factors are important for shaping ecological and social systems. The Delta resource system, which encompasses the largest wetland pastures of West Africa, is under continuous environmental change due to climatic change and acts of man. The conversion of pastures to rice fields to meet food security goals raises resource conflicts between cultivators, pastoralists, and agro-fishermen. International conservation interests are also at stake. Through interpreting local decision-making, the study addresses three interacting processes affecting resource management ; (1) non-equilibrium resource dynamics ; (2) social differentiation, heterogeneity, and leadership ; and (3) state-society interactions. Despite important capacities, local regimes face problems in resolving resource conflicts between competing groups, in limiting access for powerful outsiders, and co-ordinating investments in infrastructure. This calls for co-management with a developmental state. This has implications for property rights theory and policy.

Présentation (ProQuest)

Page publiée le 14 juin 2021