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Vasantrao Naik Marathwada Krishi Vidyapeeth, Parbhani (2009)

Impact of cfc-fao-icrisat sorghum project on farmers economy in parbhani district

Ansari Ali Akram Abdul Aziz

Titre : Impact of cfc-fao-icrisat sorghum project on farmers economy in parbhani district

Auteur : Ansari Ali Akram Abdul Aziz

Université de soutenance : Vasantrao Naik Marathwada Krishi Vidyapeeth, Parbhani

Grade : Master of Science in Agricultural Economics 2009

Résumé
Sorghum (Sorghum bicolar (L.) Moench) belongs to family gramineace. Sorghum is the fifth most important cereal crop followed by rice, wheat, maize and barley, in the world. During the last 20 years production and consumptiofi of sorghum has declined in Asia specifically in India. But the crop still remains important for smallhqlder farmers in dry land production environments for grain as staple food and fodder for livestock. However, utilization patterns are in a d)rnamic phase and sorghum and _Pe l ile grai - i ... are entering non-traditional uses such as livestock and poultry feed, .bakery products, beverage, ethanol (bio-fuel), and starch. The challenge is how to link farmers with new sources of demand -for their crop and improve their livelihoods. To address this situation the International Crops research Institute for the Semi Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) implemented a project. The CFC-FAOICRISA T sorghum project is operating in village Koke of Jintur taluka of 77 Parbhani district, hence the Koke village was selected and the adjacent village Kausdi was also . ·selected for non-beneficiary farmers. The techniques like tabular analysis, Cobb Doglous method, comparison, and percentage method were used to analyze the data in the present study. In order to determine profitability of sorghum (CSH-16), costs and returns are important aspects and to know the impact of the project. The results revealed that,. in both the cases i.e. beneficiary and non-beneficiary farmer, cotton crop was dominating in the cropping pattern followed by sorghum. Per hectare, use of hired human labour, seed, fertilizers, manures, and rental value of land was higher in beneficiary farmer as compared to non-beneficiary farmer.

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