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Tulane University (2020)

Iodine Deficiency in Senegal : Impact on Sustainable Human Development and Determining Factors

Ndiaye, Banda.

Titre : Iodine Deficiency in Senegal : Impact on Sustainable Human Development and Determining Factors

Auteur : Ndiaye, Banda.

Université de soutenance  : Tulane University,

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) 2020

Résumé partiel
Despite being a relatively stable democracy experiencing about 6% economic growth over the last five years (2014 to 2018), Senegal still faces many challenges including a high poverty rate with about 38% of the country’s population below the poverty line (US$1.90, PPP), low literacy rate with 51.9 % illiterate (World Bank Group, 2019), and large inequity as expressed by its Gini index that has evolved very slightly from in 41.20 from 2001 to 40.3 in 2011 (World Bank Group, 2019). The reduction of malnutrition that includes iodine deficiency is amongst the priorities identified for helping the country to achieve quality human capital, social protection and sustainable development (Cellule de lutte contre la Malnutrition, 2017).

Iodine is an essential constituent of the Thyroid hormones and has been recognized to play an important role in nutrition through the role of thyroid hormones in the growth and development of both humans and animals (Basil S, Potter, & Dulberg, 1990).

In 1991, the United Nations General Assembly set a global public health goal of virtually eliminating iodine deficiency that is recognized as the world’s most preventable cause of mental impairment. Subsequently, in January 1994 the World Health Organization (WHO) and UNICEF (UNICEF, 1994) recommended universal salt iodization, first introduced in 1922, to ensure adequate intake of iodine that cannot be synthetized by the body (World Health Organization, 2007). The level of populations’ intelligence is known to play a key role in nations’ economic development, democracy and social governance that are in turn critical elements of global and sustainable human development (Sen, 1999).

Présentation (ProQuest)

Page publiée le 13 juin 2021