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Accueil du site → Doctorat → États-Unis → 2018 → Mauritania’s Home-based Textile and Apparel Dyeing Industry : Work, Culture, Health and the Question of Sustainability in the 21st Century

University of Massachusetts Lowell (2018)

Mauritania’s Home-based Textile and Apparel Dyeing Industry : Work, Culture, Health and the Question of Sustainability in the 21st Century

Noon, Virginia May.

Titre : Mauritania’s Home-based Textile and Apparel Dyeing Industry : Work, Culture, Health and the Question of Sustainability in the 21st Century

L’INDUSTRIE DE TEINTURE DE TEXTILES ET DE VÊTEMENTS Ā DOMICILE EN MAURITANIE : TRAVAIL, CULTURE, SANTÉ ET QUESTION DE LA DURABILITÉ AU XXIème SIÈCLE

Auteur : Noon, Virginia May.

Université de soutenance  : University of Massachusetts Lowell.

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) 2018

Résumé partiel
This research investigates the home-based textile and apparel dyeing industry in Mauritania and links two fields of study : the cultural and socio-economic impacts of textile and apparel production with the field of Occupational Health and Safety. The study defines the range of traditional dress in Mauritania and considers the health and safety of producers, the economic viability of the activity and impacts of current practices on the natural environment. Locally dyed, traditional garments are the preferred dress of the multi-ethnic Mauritanians. However, liquid waste and by-products of home-based dyeing are discarded untreated in the street, in residential neighborhoods and the outskirts of the capital city, Nouakchott. Field research was conducted in Nouakchott over a twelve-day period during March 2015. Thirty-seven people (thirteen men and twenty-four women) participated in thirteen interviews and four focus groups to gather the data for the study. Participants were dyers and producers of traditional garments, traders, government officials and non-government officials all with knowledge of the industry.

The findings reveal significant positive economic impacts to producers, especially the very poor women of Mauritania. The toxicity of 2 aminoanthraquinone a main compound in two dyes is very concerning. Labels and Safety Data Sheets (SDSs) are not available in the market. Workers believe that dye and chemicals are harmful but safe handling and disposal of dye and chemicals have not been introduced in this industry. Dye sellers who repack

Présentation (ProQuest)

Page publiée le 13 juin 2021