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UKAID Department for International Development (R4D) 2003

Evaluation of the effects of plant diseases on the yield and nutritive value of crop residues used for peri-urban dairy production on the Deccan Plateau in India

Plant Disease Crop Residues

UKAID Department for International Development (R4D)

Titre : Evaluation of the effects of plant diseases on the yield and nutritive value of crop residues used for peri-urban dairy production on the Deccan Plateau in India

Pays : India

Projet de recherche pour le Développement :

DFID Programme : Crop Protection

Organismes de mise en œuvre  : International Crops Research Institute for Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT)

Durée : Start Date : 01-04-2003 — End Date : 30-03-2005

Objectifs  : Promotions of pro-poor strategies to reduce impact of key pests, improve yield and quality of crops, and reduce pesticide hazards in peri-urban systems.

Descriptif
Increased milk production in India, and South Asia generally, will require more crop residues of higher quality. On the Deccan Plateau, sorghum and groundnut provide most of the residues. Project R.7346 has shown that diseases can reduce significantly grain yield and crop residue value and, therefore, income from crop residues. Identified dual-purpose disease-resistant genotypes will be multiplied and distributed using farmer self-help groups and NGOs. The revenue from the improved genotypes (fodder sales and milk production) will be quantified. Additionally, the flow of mycotoxins in the food-feed chain will be investigated. Primarily, the project will lead to the provision of disease-resistant cultivars of high nutritional value to small mixed farmers in the rural areas. This should reduce the losses in income at the fodder markets, where farmers receive lower prices for diseased and poor quality residues. Landless peri-urban dairy producers will receive more residues of higher nutritional value for animal feed that will increase milk yields and income from the sale of dairy products. Improved groundnut cultivars have already being multiplied and distributed in some villages and farmers reported improved milk yield from the feeding of these groundnut haulms. Generally, the project expects further benefits to progressively accrue by 2005. Foundations for more strategic progress in poverty alleviation will be strengthened by the intensified institutional collaboration between scientists from diverse disciplines. The close inter-centre collaboration between crop, animal and social scientists should improve technological innovations and increase the likelihood of their adoption.

Total Cost to DFID : £115,990

Présentation : Recherche for Development (R4D)

Page publiée le 22 juillet 2021