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University of Pretoria (2010)

Determinants of participation of smallholder farmers in the marketing of small grains and strategies for improving their participation in the Limpopo River basin of Zimbabwe

Moyo, Thinah

Titre : Determinants of participation of smallholder farmers in the marketing of small grains and strategies for improving their participation in the Limpopo River basin of Zimbabwe

Auteur : Moyo, Thinah

Université de soutenance : University of Pretoria

Grade : MScAgric 2010

Résumé partiel
This thesis identifies determinants of market participation of smallholder sorghum and millet farmers and proposes strategies for improving their market participation. The study used survey data from 195 smallholder communal and resettled farmers, and agribusiness firms dealing with sorghum and millet. The farmers were selected from three sorghum and millet producing districts of Zimbabwe. The firms were located in Bulawayo and Harare. Data was collected through face-to-face interviews with the sampled farmers and firm representatives. The thesis also explores the way the small grains have been marketed and the extent of field crop contracting in Zimbabwe. In addition, literature on determinants of market participation for other commodities was reviewed. Recommendations were then drawn on strategies for improved market participation for smallholder farmers. Transaction cost related factors are an important component of marketing that determines the extent of market participation for smallholder farmers. Results of the multiple regression and the probit models showed that transaction cost related factors, such as previously agreed prices (PRICEAGREE), confidence and trust in the buyer (CONFIDENCE), the difference in price knowledge (PRICEKNOW) and delayed payment for sold grain (DELAYPAY) have a significant impact on the quantity of grain sold and the extent of smallholder farmer participation in the market. Discriminant analysis was used to identify factors discriminating sorghum and millet sellers and non-sellers. The division was made according to whether or not a household sold sorghum and/or millet during the period 2004/05 to 2006/07. Of the fourteen potential discriminating variables, six explained group differences with statistical significance. The six important variables in the discriminant function analysis were : number of donkeys owned by a household, crop production levels, source of household income, method of transporting grain to the market, district and area cultivated.

Mots clés : farmers, Zimbabwe, smallholder farmers, Limpopo River

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Page publiée le 2 septembre 2010, mise à jour le 11 juin 2018