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2020

Capacity building of institutions & structures in charge of environment &climate (Mali)

Mali

Open government data of Swedish aid

Titre : Capacity building of institutions & structures in charge of environment &climate (Mali)

Pays : Mali

Date : 2020

Agence : Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency
Implementing organisation : Central Government in recipient country

Présentation
Support the government of Mali in the definition of its needs of capacity building of Structures and Institutions in Charge of Environment and Climate change based on a throughout diagnosis Support the State Capacity in sustainable management of environment and climate change

Mali runs from the Sahara on the edge of the Guinean Forests to the Ivory Coast in the agroclimatic area of northern Guinea. Its annual rainfall varies greatly in terms of both time and location, ranging from 100mm in the north to around 1200mm in the south. About 70 percent of Mali’s population of 14.5 million people (Census 2009) are engaged in agriculture and depend on natural resources for their livelihoods, economic development, and food security. Management systems over natural resources are poorly developed and rarely allow strong influence by users themselves or rural communes. Mali is a poor country whose agriculturally based economy remains under-diversified and susceptible to external shocks. Continued depletion of these natural resources will compromise the nation’s health, food security, and economic development. Plant and animal diversity though high are decreasing tremendously. Five direct threats to biodiversity have been identified (climate change, agriculture, urbanization and loss of natural habitat, bush fires, the uncontrolled exploitation of wood as an energy source). Indirect threats identified include changes in human demographics, economic activity and technology, as well as sociopolitical and cultural factors.

About 70% of the population is rural. Households rely heavily on rain fed agriculture and pastures for livelihoods. Disputes between farmers and pastoralists over access to land and other natural resources are common. Sedentary farmers and transhumant pastoralists clash over issues of resource access and damage to crops, inheritance rights, and rights of access to water and pasture.

The country’s vulnerability to climate change patterns gives natural resources like trees, rangelands, and pastures importance. Over the years, the Malian government has attached high priority to developing effective strategies for environmental protection and management. In Mali, the main vulnerability pattern is the great climatic variability and the consequently high incidence of droughts and dry- spells affecting the livelihoods of farming, fishing and pastoralists communities.

Total committed amount : USD 438,016 (2020)

Openaid.se

Page publiée le 28 juillet 2021