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Tampere University of Applied Science (2007)

Providing inexpensive drinking water treatment solutions for developing countries - a case study on Luanda, Angola

Al-Ebrashy, Ahmed

Titre : Providing inexpensive drinking water treatment solutions for developing countries - a case study on Luanda, Angola

Auteur : Al-Ebrashy, Ahmed

Université de soutenance : Tampere University of Applied Science

Grade : Master ( ?) 2007

Résumé
Even though Water represents 71% of the Earth’s surface only 0,024% is provided to us as fresh water. The provided water is used in drinking, washing, industry, agriculture, adding water stress all over the world. The other problem concerning water is that human activities have contributed to the contamination of water through dumping wastes and other polluting activities. Besides, water is not distributed evenly around the world in a fair way therefore ; the sparingly populated and water rich country such as Canada carries 20% of the World fresh water supply. With the predicted continuous increase in population, the demand on water would double or even triple by 2050. In our case we present Africa is a continent that faces extreme water stress but uses only 4% of its fresh water supply. Therefore it provides an interesting target for a survey. In this report I am going to focus on a rural area in an African country that was vulnerable during the civil war that lasted 27 years in the Central Highlands of Angola. The survey was conducted by the WFP (World Food Programme) that took notes of the living standards, income, situations and measured and assesed the vulnerability level of the target area. Even though prevention is better than cure in this theses the technical solutions are presented. These solutions are provided by Scan-Water Corporation (Former Plastec) and products are inexpensive compared to others, easy to transport, light weighted, and doesn’t require electricity. The theses describe also the possibilities to those who could provide financial support and aid to these areas.

Mots clés : Inexpensive, membrane filters, drinking water purification

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Page publiée le 7 septembre 2010, mise à jour le 7 avril 2018