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2018

Livestock farming in the Ili Delta under changing water flow – effects on food security and adaption strategies

Kazakhstan

Titre : Livestock farming in the Ili Delta under changing water flow – effects on food security and adaption strategies

Pays : Kazakhstan

Durée : 11/2018 - 10/2019

Contexte
The Ili Delta is located in the southeast part of Kazakhstan, at the western shore of Lake Balkhash. It has an area of 4.000 km² and is the biggest delta in Central Asia. The delta completely depends on the inflow of the Ili River. About two thirds of Ili’s runoff come from China. Due to the expansion of irrigated agriculture, effects of climate change as well as shortcomings of inter-governmental agreements, the Ili Delta is threatened by water shortages and subsequent pasture degradation. The expected reduction of the Ili River’s runoff will decrease available pastures and has therefore negative imp

Présentation
The project aims to assess the threats of water shortage and pasture degradation to livestock farming systems and to determine the effects on food security. Furthermore, its focus will be the development of appropriate measures in the field of water, pasture and feed management as well as the development of alternative fodder plants to reduce that threat. We already obtained knowledge on vegetation, biodiversity, fishery and land use of the Ili Delta within the ECO-Ili project.

Thereby, a focus is laid on involvement of and capacity building for junior scientists, as post docs, PhD, master and bachelor students. Students and junior scientists of Central Asian partners will take courses in the International Master Program ’Landscape Ecology and Nature Conservation’, e.g. Pasture Science, Environmental Economics, Cost-Benefit Analysis and Landscape Economics, at the University of Greifswald. ICRAF and the Kazakh National University will jointly host and supervise students from the Germn partner.

This project will result in recommended actions for pastoral farming under changing water levels and water shortage.

Partenaires : University of Greifswald|Kazakh National University|Kazakh National Agrarian University|International Center for Biosaline Agriculture

Financement : Federal Ministry of Education and Research of Germany

World Agroforestry Centre

Page publiée le 10 septembre 2021