Informations et ressources scientifiques
sur le développement des zones arides et semi-arides

Accueil du site → Projets de développement → Projets 2017 → Improving Living Conditions in disadvantaged Areas of Amman

2017

Improving Living Conditions in disadvantaged Areas of Amman

Jordanie

Titre Improving Living Conditions in disadvantaged Areas of Amman

Improving green infrastructure in Amman

Pays : Jordanie

Durée : 2017 to 2021

Commissioned by : German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)

Agence d’exécution : Ministry of Environment

Contexte
Cities in Jordan, one of the most arid countries in the world, are growing rapidly. In just ten years, the population of the capital Amman has doubled from 1.9 million in 2004 to over four million in 2015. The vast majority of immigrants and refugees settled in East Amman, which is more densely populated and disadvantaged than other areas in the capital. The already overstretched infrastructure is overburdened by the newcomers. The planning of public green spaces wasn’t prioritized during the rapid urbanization. As a result, East Amman has become a concrete jungle where the population has little access to green public open spaces.

Inhabitants of these urban areas are more vulnerable to the effects of climate change and extreme weather events. This particularly applies to the annually recurring floods. The very low share of urban green public open spaces (accounting for around just 2.5 per cent of the city) worsens air quality, increases the urban heat island effect and puts the remaining biodiversity under pressure. Civil society has hardly been involved in planning and implementing infrastructural projects, and women and children in particular had limited opportunities to play a role in shaping their living space.

Objectifs  : The participatory development of green spaces in Amman’s disadvantaged areas has been improved through implementing pilot projects and strengthening Jordanian partners.

Approche
The project is working in close partnership with the Jordanian Ministry of the Environment and Greater Amman Municipality. In three construction measures, the project exemplifies elements of green infrastructure and thus illustrates urban greening alternatives. The improved and newly created recreational areas contribute to improving residents’ quality of life. Green infrastructure networks facilitate access to local public transport, increase walkability, preserve biodiversity and mitigate urban heatwaves. Sustainable urban drainage systems are designed to ease the burden on the stormwater infrastructure and reduce construction and maintenance costs. Local architects and engineers handle the design, supervision and construction process.

Local residents are being involved in planning and designing the pilot projects. The design of the green infrastructure elements is realised in a gender-specific manner. Gender-specific activities in the design workshops identify women’s particular needs ; these are further incorporated into the public open spaces final design. By planning public open spaces as areas of interaction, integration and social cohesion are improved. The involvement of Jordanian and non-Jordanian women in the process contributes to peaceful and inclusive urban development.

Présentation : GIZ

Page publiée le 30 octobre 2021