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GREAT Med - Generating a Risk and Ecological Analysis Toolkit for the Mediterranean

Méditerranée (France Italie Liban Egypte Tunisie)

Titre : GREAT Med - Generating a Risk and Ecological Analysis Toolkit for the Mediterranean

Région/Pays : Méditerranée (France Italie Liban Egypte Tunisie)

Date/ Durée : 2013-2015

The Mediterranean Basin is one of the 25 hotspots and one of the 200 ecological regions with the highest biodiversity in the world. Although covering only 0.8% of the world’s sea surface and 0.3% of its volume, it is home to 7 to 8% of all known marine species. Similar diversity is known for terrestrial plant life. At the same time, the Mediterranean Sea is one of the world’s busiest areas for maritime activity and records about one third of the global oil traffic. Tourism and freight transport, offshore platforms and waste discharges from boats or affluent rivers are further rising vulnerability to oil and chemical spills. Pollution affects both marine and terrestrial biodiversity and can have especially strong impacts on enclosed seas. Biodiversity in coastal areas is also heavily threatened by land cover change, and especially by urban and industrial development and tourism pressure. Within this context, GREAT Med will contribute to the development of an integrated and interdisciplinary strategy for assessing biodiversity and main human pressures (maritime traffic, tourism and urbanization) in selected coastal areas of the Mediterranean Basin with a view to protecting and monitoring natural heritage in space and time. The project will be implemented in five selected areas : Gulf of Cagliari (Italy), coastal area of Provence (France), the area of Byblos (Lebanon), Abukir Bay (Egypt) and the Gulf of Gabès (Tunisia).

Objectifs Spécifiques
• To create a network of institutions, specialized agencies and local administrations for monitoring coastal areas in the Mediterranean and for integrating local interventions in a macro-scale action plan at basin level • To foster the transfer of knowledge and expertise on conservation and management of coastal areas • To develop a specific toolkit for assessing biodiversity at plant species and community levels and their vulnerability to potential risks (including oil spills, Hazardous and Noxious Substances, urbanization and tourismpressures)

Lead Partner : Università degli Studi di Roma
Aix-Marseille University-Medit. Inst. of Biodiversity & Ecology (IMBE)
Lab. Genomic Characterisation of Plants, Saint Joseph University
University of Sfax - BIOECOS-MA
National Council for Scientific Research
الجامعة الأميركية في بيروت

Budget total : EUR 1 936 896.00
Financement EU : EUR 1 743 012.71

Présentation (

Page publiée le 8 octobre 2021