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Mosul Dam Emergency Preparedness Plan


Titre : Mosul Dam Emergency Preparedness Plan

Pays : Irak
Localisation : 3 Governorates (Ninewa, Salah al-Din and Baghdad)

Durée : 2019-2021

Mosul Dam, one of the largest dams in the Arab region, was built in the early eighties on the Tigris River. The Dam poses significant risks, should it fail, due to the highly soluble gypsum layers lying beneath its foundation. Catastrophic failure of the Dam could generate a tsunami wave 45m high and threaten the downstream population in Mosul city within 2-4 hours. Should the Dam collapse, it is feared that over 500,000 lives could be lost and even the capital, Baghdad, might be inundated by flood waters of up to 8m within 60-70 hours, affecting a total of 4-6 million people along the Tigris River floodplain.

With funding from the USAID, UNDP has supported the Government of Iraq (GoI) to establish emergency alert and communication protocols designed to warn populations along the flood-path, in the event of dam failure. Targeted messaging was developed and delivered through multiple platforms to raise risk awareness in vulnerable communities and Iraqi officials were trained on dam safety operations, including participation in drills/simulations. UNDP continues to support the GoI to expand its efforts and adopt emergency preparedness measures, which include an end-to-end warning system, community preparedness, risk education and dam safety practices.

The current phase of the project aims to improve preparedness to ensure increased capacity to respond to crisis at the national, provincial and local level, should the Mosul Dam collapse.

Mise en oeuvre et bénéficiaires : The National Operations Centre (NOC) in the Prime Minister’s office the Implementing Partner of the Project, while Governorates of Baghdad, Ninewa and Salah Al Din are the key stakeholders at the governorate level. Also key beneficiaries of the Project Also the Ministry of Education and Ministry of Health and Environment are primary stakeholders for implementation of school and hospital preparedness activities respectively. The Ministry of Water Resources (MoWR) is a key stakeholder and beneficiary of the dam safety interventions. A wide variety of other stakeholders include the National Security Council (NSC), Civil Defence, and the private sector companies/industries. Local communities, district and sub-district local authorities along the Tigris flood path in the three governorates are the primary beneficiaries of the Project.

Budget : $US4.7 million

Présentation : PNUD

Page publiée le 31 octobre 2021