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2015

Supporting sustainable land management in steppe and semi-arid zones through integrated territorial planning and agro-environmental incentives Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan

Titre : Supporting sustainable land management in steppe and semi-arid zones through integrated territorial planning and agro-environmental incentives Kazakhstan

Pays : Kazakhstan

Durée : January 2015 — March 2021

Objectif
The project objective is to transform land use practices in steppe and semi-arid zones of Kazakhstan to ensure ecological integrity, food security and sustainable livelihoods.

Présentation
Dryland ecosystems (i.e., desert, dessertified and dryland steppe ecosystems) of Kazakhstan are particularly prone to desertification with about 75% of arable and pasturelands ranked with a desertification index of high to very high. Areas of land subject to wind erosion occupy 25.5 million ha, and those subjects to water erosion more than 5 million ha, of which 1 million ha are arable land. The largest areas of land affected by water erosion can be observed in the southern regions of Kazakhstan – 958.7 thousand ha in total – of which eroded arable land makes up 223.6 thousand ha. The processes of erosion on irrigated fields and pastures in southern regions of Kazakhstan have developed rapidly in recent years : every year 19 million tons of soil is washed off with 400 thousand tons of humus. This means that about 2.5–2.6 million tons of manure would be needed annually to cover these losses. Building upon the past experience of GEF funded projects’ efforts, the project will create a more conducive policy and legal framework for establishment of agro-environmental incentives for sustainable and better integrated pasture and land use planning and management, and build national and local capacity for practical implementation of such planning in the field. Existing best practices and approaches will be replicated at a wider scale within selected representative oblasts namely – Akmola, Kostanai, North and East Kazakhstan Oblasts (i.e., the northern steppe zone : forest steppe, meadow steppe and dry steppe ecosystems), and Almaty and Kzyl Orda Oblasts (i.e., the southern arid zone : desert and steppe semi-desert ecosystems) of the country.The project engages leading thinkers from governments, the private sector, academia, and the NGO sector in its efforts.

Organisme mise en œuvre : Ministry of Agriculture

Financement : Global Environment Fund Truste
Budget : $2,543,978

Présentation : PNUD

Document projet

Page publiée le 16 octobre 2021