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Accueil du site → Projets de développement → Projets de recherche pour le Développement → 2022 → CROSSROADS Climate ReOrganizations at Synoptic Scale as Recorded in the Offshore Archives of the Dead Sea

Commission Européenne (CORDIS) 2022

CROSSROADS Climate ReOrganizations at Synoptic Scale as Recorded in the Offshore Archives of the Dead Sea

Climate Archives Dead Sea

CORDIS (Service Communautaire d’Information sur la Recherche et le Développement) Commission Européenne

Titre : CROSSROADS Climate ReOrganizations at Synoptic Scale as Recorded in the Offshore Archives of the Dead Sea

Code du projet : ID : 101029939

Durée : 1 September 2022 // 31 August 2025

Objectif
Water availability in the Mediterranean basin is projected to decrease in the future in the 6th IPCC report. It is largely influenced by wintertime synoptic atmospheric circulations, as the westerlies play a crucial role in the distribution of both rainfall and heat. However, to date, climate models have lacked the accuracy to predict the evolution of atmospheric circulations, making water availability projections uncertain and thus hampering adaptation strategies by policy makers. The Holocene epoch has been extensively studied to refine our understanding of climate and test the efficiency of climate models and proxies. And yet, mismatches among proxies and models leave the issue of the mechanisms and evolution of the westerlies still unresolved. In this fellowship, we will address this issue by studying the Holocene sediments recovered from the deep Dead Sea. The deep Dead Sea temperature is mainly influenced by winter air temperature and its level depends on the Jordan discharge that is fueled by winter rainfall, making this site ideal to reconstruct the winter variables affected by the westerlies. We will use novel methods based on spectroscopy and spectrometry on salt fluid inclusions (FIs) to reconstruct Holocene lake temperature and composition and we will develop a new method exploiting the lake composition, thickness of deposited salt, speed of sound in FIs, sediments microfacies and X-ray fluorescence elemental composition to reconstruct lake levels. As, in these arid latitudes, it has been impossible so far to obtain Holocene winter temperatures and hydrological reconstructions are scant, and because this site responds in an unusual way to changes in westerlies, I believe this action will prove key in understanding the evolution of the westerlies.

Participants au projet
Coordinateur : HELMHOLTZ ZENTRUM POTSDAM DEUTSCHESGEOFORSCHUNGSZENTRUM GFZ
Partenaire  : THE RESEARCH FOUNDATION OF STATE UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK

Budget
Coût total : € 264 669,12
Contribution UE : € 264 669,12

CORDIS

Page publiée le 9 novembre 2021