Informations et ressources scientifiques
sur le développement des zones arides et semi-arides

Accueil du site → Doctorat → Allemagne → 2017 → Managing risk under climate change in Kenya - Multiple shocks, poverty, gender, and potential for group-based approaches

Rheinischen Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn (2017)

Managing risk under climate change in Kenya - Multiple shocks, poverty, gender, and potential for group-based approaches

Ngigi, Marther Wanjiru

Titre : Managing risk under climate change in Kenya - Multiple shocks, poverty, gender, and potential for group-based approaches

Auteur : Ngigi, Marther Wanjiru

Université de soutenance : Rheinischen Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn

Grade : Doktor der Agrarwissenschaften (Dr.agr.) 2017

Résumé partiel
Climate change and related shocks are major challenges facing agricultural performance, poverty reduction efforts, and economic growth in developing economies. Managing risks is vital because climate change and shocks lead to depletion of assets, loss of livelihoods and reduce pathways to diversify income. Besides, there is a widespread agreement that climate change impacts are not gender neutral. This study aims to contribute to the development of effective policies that assist households in managing risks under climate change through assessing the coping capacities and the impact of multiple shocks on household assets and poverty transitions, applying a panel data set of 360 households in rural Kenya. The study aimed to identify what kinds of assets are most effective in empowering and building resilience of poor rural households and communities under accelerating climate change. The study finds that households and individuals count on two major coping strategies to smooth their consumption level, namely adjusting their livestock portfolios and borrowing from groups. The latter strategy is particularly important for asset-poor and female-headed households in safeguarding their already low asset base. Through applying a unique intra-household survey involving 156 couples in rural Kenya, this study examines how husband and wife within the same household perceive climate risks, undertake adaptation strategies, access productive resources and participate in group-based approaches. The findings indicate that options for adapting to climate change closely interplay with husbands’ and wives’ roles and responsibilities, social norms, risk perceptions and access to resources. A higher percentage of wives were found to adopt crop-related strategies, whereas husbands employ livestock- and agroforestry-related strategies. There are gender specific climate information needs, trust in information and preferred channels of information dissemination. Further, it turned out that group-based approaches benefit husbands and wives differently. Group-based approaches provide avenues for diversifying livelihoods and managing risks for wives, while they are pathways for sharing climate information and adaptation ideas for husbands. Social groups help husbands and wives to enhance their welfare through accumulating vital types of capital and improving food security outcomes. Lastly, by applying a value-based approach, this thesis shows that men’s and women’s intrinsic values may on one hand promote climate change adaptation, but on the other hand, hinder the uptake of specific climate-smart practices in addition to encouraging unsustainable adaptation behavior.

Présentation

Version intégrale (2,6 Mb)

Page publiée le 24 novembre 2021