Informations et ressources scientifiques
sur le développement des zones arides et semi-arides

Accueil du site → Projets de développement → Projets 2020 → Protection and assistance to Nigerian refugees in the Maradi Region


Protection and assistance to Nigerian refugees in the Maradi Region


Financial Tracking Service - FTS Archives (OCHA)

Titre : Protection and assistance to Nigerian refugees in the Maradi Region

Pays /Région : Niger
Localisation : Maradi Guidan Roumji Madarounfa

Code projet : HNER20-RR-162507-1

Durée : 01/01/2020 — 31/12/2020

Since early May 2019, the deteriorating security conditions in Sokoto, Zamfara and Katsina states in Nigeria have forced more than 40,000 Nigerians, mainly women and children, to seek asylum in the Maradi region of Niger. The cause of displacement is not related to the Boko Haram insurgency currently operating in Nigeria’s North Eastern states. The new emergency is the result of a rise in tensions between farmers and herdsmen, Haoussa and Fulani, in north western Nigeria, which quickly escalated into kidnappings, sexual violence and killings at the hands of well-organized and well-equipped armed groups. The Government of Niger has maintained an open-door policy and has since early August 2019 worked with UNHCR to pre-register over 41,800 Nigerians, the majority of whom are women and children. Those forced to flee found refuge in more than 50 Nigerien villages along the border, where the host community generously welcomed them. But this influx further strained an already weak infrastructure in areas that have chronically lacked basic services. It is estimated that some 30,000 members of the host communities are affected by the crisis. Given the limited resources in the host areas, refugees -and host communities- remain highly dependent on assistance. Access to health care, shelter, water and sanitation is needed, as well as education opportunities and psycho-social support. The Maradi region is affected by chronic and recurrent epidemics such as cholera. It is also prone to food insecurity, which has been made worse by the lean season. The malnutrition rate of children under five years of age and pregnant women is about 35 percent.

The intervention will focus on protection including level 2 registration of all refugees, advocacy for continued access to territory by refugees, improved reception conditions, protection monitoring, border monitoring and community protection. It will also focus on registration and civil documentation, refugee status determination, psycho-social support, child protection and SGBV response, assistance to persons with specific needs, education and social cohesion. The intervention is aligned with the Government’s strategy to avoid the creation of camps and host refugees in villages instead. However, most refugees are settled in villages close to the border which are prone to incursions from armed groups and are therefore not safe. Therefore, UNHCR and its partners, in agreement with the Government, started implementing in October a voluntary relocation plan to “opportunity villages” far from the border to ensure refugees’ safety. Key priorities for relocated refugees are food security and nutrition, access to drinking water and latrines, access to healthcare services and shelter. Regarding host populations, partners will work together to support with housing, domestic energy and core relief items. As such, UNHCR will facilitate the relocation of refugees within the region and safeguard the protection space. The intervention largely considers the humanitarian-development and peace nexus to ensure the assistance also benefits host communities who need it most. UNHCR will bolster resilience among refugee communities, paying attention to infrastructure development, access to economic opportunities and harnessing of natural resources. Partners will also promote dialogue and positive interactions between the refugees and the host communities.

Organisation (s) : United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees

Financement : 4,030,000 $

FTS Archives - Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)

Page publiée le 18 novembre 2021