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Tokyo University (2018)

TRANSITION TO RENEWABLE ENERGY SYSTEMS IN UZBEKISTAN : SOCIO-ECONOMIC FEASIBILITY IN REMOTE AREAS

Djalilova Nigora

Titre : TRANSITION TO RENEWABLE ENERGY SYSTEMS IN UZBEKISTAN : SOCIO-ECONOMIC FEASIBILITY IN REMOTE AREAS

Auteur : Djalilova Nigora

Université de soutenance : Tokyo University

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (Sustainability Science) 2018

Résumé partiel
Uzbekistan is currently self-sufficient in terms of energy supply. However, a steady rise in domestic consumption and inadequate energy supply infrastructure fre quently result in the country suffering electricity supply shortages. In particular, rural parts of the country, where 50.3% of the population reside, suffer the most from unsta ble energy supply, and there is an acute need for the replacement, modernization and development of the transmission grids. In this regard the deployment of renewable en ergy sources (RES) has gained attention among various stakeholders at different levels (government officials, academia, international organizations and business community), as a way to potentially address these problems. The government of Uzbekistan on vari ous occasions manifested its intention to improve the situation, and is committed to in crease energy efficiency in all sectors of the economy through the development of re newable energy sources. In particular, wind, solar and hydro energy have been given attention, as these sources are believed to have a significant potential. In line with gov ernment’s policy towards sustainable economic development and to ensure a favorable environment for further RES development in the country, a number of preliminary re forms of the institutional framework and the establishment of a comprehensive legisla tive framework have already been put in place. However, despite their potential and benefits, the use of RES in the country is currently insignificant. In such a situation, the feasibility study of renewable energy systems for remote arears in Uzbekistan that are the most vulnerable and prone to elec tricity supply issues areas is vital to ensure inclusive economic development. Moreover, However, despite their potential and benefits, the use of RES in the country is currently insignificant. In such a situation, the feasibility study of renewable energy systems for remote arears in Uzbekistan that are the most vulnerable and prone to elec tricity supply issues areas is vital to ensure inclusive economic development. Moreover, the analysis of the socio-economic impact of deploying such technologies plays an im portant role for the study of sustainable development pathways for countries with simi lar economies. This study uses the case of Uzbekistan as an example to demonstrate the challenges and issues faced by countries which are undergoing a transition from gov ernment-led economic models to the post Socialist model of economic governance. It also attempts to provide an outline of major problems which go beyond the issues faced by Central Asian (CA) countries, and which are often felt by many other post-Socialist countries (tightly related to political, economic and social systems). Finally, it offers certain clues about the particularities of transitioning from traditional energy resources to renewable energy consumption in developing countries, touching on certain im portant elements related to government policy

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Page publiée le 23 novembre 2021