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United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) 2017

Breeding and Agronomy of Quinoa for Organic Farming Systems

Quinoa Breeding Farming

United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Agricultural Research Service (ARS)

Titre : Breeding and Agronomy of Quinoa for Organic Farming Systems

Identification : 8042-21660-005-47-R

Pays : Etats Unis

Durée : Start Date : Oct 1, 2017 // End Date : Jul 31, 2020

Location : Sustainable Agricultural Systems Laboratory : Beltsville, MD

Objectifs
The long-term goals of this multi-region, integrative project are to : 1) breed high-yielding, nutritious quinoa varieties adapted to abiotic and biotic stresses in organic systems through a) the Washington State University (WSU) quinoa breeding program and b) a cohesive variety testing program in Washington, Utah, Minnesota, and Maryland ; 2) evaluate and develop best management practices to optimize organic quinoa production systems across a wide range of environments ; 3) understand the economics of domestic organic quinoa production, processing and marketing, and ; 4) disseminate information to target diverse audiences using a range of extension outreach methodology. The primary stakeholders of this project include organic farmers, and quinoa distributors, wholesalers, and retailers. Critical needs described by organic farmers, through a variety of workshops, field days, emails, phone calls, and one survey, include : 1) the availability of seed of high yielding, high quality varieties adapted to their region ; 2) the identification of best management practices for quinoa production, with particular emphasis on all facets of agronomy (fertility, seeding rate, planting date, etc.), rotation, intercropping, weed control, successful production in heat and drought stressed environments, disease and insect pest identification and biological and/or organic control methods ; and 3) the development of relationships between farmers and different seed cleaning, saponin removal, and marketing avenues. The WSU lead scientist on the project has led the Quinoa Breeding Program since 2010, when 44 varieties of quinoa were grown in three certified organic locations in Washington State (Port Townsend, Olympia and Pullman). These varieties were sourced through the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN) (www.ars-grin.gov) and represented a broad diversity of regions and environmental conditions.

Présentation : USDA (ARS)

Page publiée le 29 novembre 2021