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Moi University Kenya (1998)

Pupils’, teachers’ and parents’ perception of causes of pupils’ absenteeism and dropping out of primary schools in arid and semi-arid areas : a case study of Keiyo District

Cheruto, N M

Titre : Pupils’, teachers’ and parents’ perception of causes of pupils’ absenteeism and dropping out of primary schools in arid and semi-arid areas : a case study of Keiyo District

Auteur : Cheruto, N M

Université de soutenance : Moi University, Kenya

Grade : MPhil 1998

Résumé
The purpose of this study was to investigate school-based, home-based and in between (school and home) causes of pupil absenteeism and dropping out in primary schools in arid and semi-arid areas as perceived by pupils, teachers and parents. The population sample consisted of two hundred standard seven and eight pupils ; eighty class-teachers from ten primary day schools randomly sampled as well as one hundred and forty parents conveniently sampled. The major findings of the study were as follows : (1) The school-based causes of dropping-out and absenteeism in primary schools were ; lack of money for schools expenses, poor academic performance and poor relationship between the teachers and the pupils. (2) The home-based causes of dropping-out and absenteeism were ; lack of encouragement and motivation of pupils by parents, lack of food at home, and assisting parents with domestic duties. (3) In between causes of dropping-out and absenteeism in primary schools ; due to chronic sickness and medical-related problems, physically marked deviations among the pupils such as height and age ; casual employment to meet basic needs ; and long distances between the schools and homes. The following conclusions and recommendations were made : 1) Lack of money for school expenses plays a major role in hindering pupils from regular attendance and successful completion of primary cycle. Therefore, there is need for the Government of Kenya to extend the current educational funds being established at district levels for university students to primary school pupils in arid and semi-arid areas ; 2) There is need for the government to enhance the existing feeding program and boarding facilities in primary school in arid and semi-arid areas to assist those pupils who cover long distances to and from home ; and 3) It is desirable for the government of Kenya to enhance free medical services offered to pupils in primary schools found within arid and semi-arid areas.

Mots Clés : Primary schools / Keiyo District, Kenya / School dropouts

Présentation (Research Kenya)

Page publiée le 22 septembre 2010, mise à jour le 22 février 2018