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Wageningen University (2021)

Tracing friction : global-local encounters in Cabo Verde’s community-based tourism development

Reijm, Sabine

Titre : Tracing friction : global-local encounters in Cabo Verde’s community-based tourism development

Auteur : Reijm, Sabine

Université de soutenance : Wageningen University

Grade : Master of Science (MS) Sociology of Development and Change 2021

Résumé
This thesis offers insights into the functioning of tourism as an ordering that shapes – or becomes shaped by – different realities by studying the dynamics of actor-networks of community-based tourism in Cabo Verde in different socio-material contexts. In response to the risk of increasing inequality and a threatened natural environment, the government of Cabo Verde has initiated a new approach to tourism development where the focus should be on inclusive tourism growth. This thesis shows the reality of tourism development on three different islands where tourism is still in its early stages. It offers an interesting approach as it utilizes the concept of friction to analyze the process and outcome of global–local interaction in encounters between a range of actors, ideas and practices. The results of this study show three gradations of frictions in context of Cabe Verdean tourism development, namely : one that (a) shows how without translators and moderators, the operation of global power fails to gain enough traction ; another that (b) exemplifies how the local shapes the global on the ground ; and one that (c) enables the operation of global power through empowerment but maintains a trajectory towards universal ideas. Friction creates new realities in Cabo Verde that cannot exist without interaction between the global and local, and that localization of global discourses is only achieved through translation of moderators that negotiate differences. All in all, this thesis suggests a mobile method to explore the interconnectedness of all things, that implies engagement with mobility and messy dynamics as well as with materiality, putting the emphasis on relational materiality of tourism networks.

Mots Clés :  : Community-based tourism ; Development ; Friction ; Actor-Network Theory ; Cabo Verde

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Page publiée le 14 décembre 2021