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University of Twente (2021)

Climate Resilience of Refugees in Jordan.

Al-Baz, Hanadi

Titre : Climate Resilience of Refugees in Jordan.

Auteur : Al-Baz, Hanadi

Etablissement de soutenance : University of Twente

Grade : Master of Science MSc Environmental and Energy Management 2021

Résumé
Climate change is affecting more and more people, impeding global economies and reshaping ecosystems. Climate change is a long-term challenge and brings along a wide range of other challenges. To respond to these challenges society has to become more resilient. In this regard, climate resilience refers to the capability to anticipate, recover and adapt to these effects. Resilience is a crucial part of any ambitious climate action programme, especially because climate change is both a global and local issue. The concept of urban resilience allows for addressing the risks of climate change on the various affected dimensions of an urban area, allowing planners and policy makers to identify strong and weak elements of the urban system. Jordan is a country that is especially affected by climate change. Considering its total state of food, water, environment, health, and infrastructure, its vulnerability to climate-related threats has increased while its capacity to cope with those threats is questionable. Despite that the triggers and wide-ranging impacts affect Jordan’s entire population, resilience measures have to be made at the asset, community, or individual level. A group which is especially vulnerable to climate change is refugees. Due to their overall position, refugees have limited adaptation ability, rendering them more susceptible than other members of society. Jordan has the largest proportion of refugees in its population, rendering its population even more vulnerable to climate change This research assessed the climate resilience of vulnerable groups in Jordan, with a focus on refugees. This was done using urban climate resilience assessment Indicators, which were developed based on desk research of grey and scientific literature depicting urban climate resilience assessment. The dimensions of assessment are : institutional, physical, economic, social, and environmental. The assessment framework allowed for the resilience to be qualitatively elaborated. Moreover, a gap analysis was conducted between the current climate actions addressing the climate resilience of vulnerable groups and the measured resilience of these groups in Jordan

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Page publiée le 18 décembre 2021