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Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN) 2020

Território, reforma agrária e reprodução ampliada do capital no Rio Grande do Norte

Lima, Leandro de Castro

Titre : Território, reforma agrária e reprodução ampliada do capital no Rio Grande do Norte

Auteur : Lima, Leandro de Castro

Université de soutenance : Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN)

Grade : Doutorado em Geografia 2020

Résumé
Access to land, linked to changes in the land and to political and productive structure in the countryside, is a prime condition for providing peasant social reproduction. However, the Agrarian Reform Policy that has been implemented in Brazil, and especially in Rio Grande do Norte, since 1985, presents a contradictory process that reflects the characteristics of the capitalist mode of production, reinforcing monopolization in the use of the territory. Our hypothesis is based on the assumption that the State’s action directed towards the Agrarian Reform Policy does not take place outside the logic of the movement of capital, boosting, above all, processes of formal expropriation of labor from capital based on the subjection of land rent, in which capital dominates all sectors downstream and upstream of peasant production, as well as through real subordination, with the direct appropriation of the peasant labor force, extracting surplus value when carrying out ancillary work, subjecting them to a logic other than their way of life, in addition to the appropriation of absolute income, in view of the increased demand for land for expropriation purposes. In this sense, this thesis aims to analyze the contradictions derived from the stemming of the National Agrarian Reform Policy in Rio Grande do Norte, emphasizing the implications of the use and monopolization of the territory, and as this policy contributes to the expanded reproduction of capital, the from the process of peasant subordination. From a theoretical point of view, we rely on the concepts and categories anchored in the work of Professor Milton Santos, seeking to operationalize the analysis of geographic space through the concept of norm, territory and his notion of used territory, associated with the perspective of monopolization of the territory undertaken by Amin and Vergopoulus (1977) and Oliveira (1991, 2001, 2007), in addition to the forms of capital reproduction theorized by Martins (1981 ; 1996 ; 2000). In methodological terms, we collected and tabulated data from the land collection (2014) for the elaboration of graphs and cartographic products, in order to represent the analyzed settlements and the various themes researched in the field. We also conducted interviews with peasants farms in settled, in order to identify the conditions and circumstances of life, production, work and forms of subordination to capital, in addition to some managers of the INCRA Superintendence of Rio Grande do Norte (SR19), which enabled us to understand the actions of state management in the context of Agrarian Reform, as well as to raise the price of expropriations in the settlement processes. As a result, we found that the right to land, via agrarian reform, even representing an achievement for the peasant class, does not always enable its emancipation and social reproduction, due to the contradictory actions of the State in the implementation of the Agrarian Reform Policy, which have ensured the monopolization of the territory and peasant subordination to capital, in addition to little altering the land structure in Rio Grande do Norte, not breaking with the logic of the binomial Latifúndio / Minifúndio and that of the dynamics and agricultural use of the territory, given the infeasibility of peasant social reproduction of fully and autonomously.

Mots Clés  : Território ;Monopolização ;Reprodução ampliada do capital ;Reforma agrária ;Rio Grande do Norte

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Page publiée le 18 décembre 2021