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American University in Cairo (2012)

Embodying the everyday practices of urban water : the discourse of water scarcity and women’s subjectivities in Amman, Jordan

Masharqa Katrin

Titre : Embodying the everyday practices of urban water : the discourse of water scarcity and women’s subjectivities in Amman, Jordan

Auteur : Masharqa Katrin

Université de soutenance : American University in Cairo

Grade : Master Arts in Gender and Women’s Studies in the Middle East and North Africa 2012

Résumé
This thesis investigates the intricate links and interactions between women, water, and government in the Amman, Jordan context. The exploration showed that government water policies of intermittent water supply and strong water discourse are highly gendered. This exploration utilizes feminist political ecology and the Foucaultian framework concerned with governance, subjectivity, discourse, and power. A mix of quantitative and qualitative methods were used, and the bulk of the data was generated through interviews with several women living in East and West Amman, water experts, and government officials to contextualize the water stress in Jordan. Water in Jordan is of high political significance given its growing issue of shortages due to exploitation of available water resources. Therefore, a strong water discourse of scarcity is visible in the media and an instated governmental policy of intermittent water supply. Water scarcity in Jordan is presented as ‘common sense’ and supported by various storylines that justify government policies of extreme rationing. However, one must recognize that water scarcity discourse in Jordan is also covering up a massive inefficiency in managing water supply. The government is managing demand versus expanding supply, which results in placing a huge responsibility on citizens, especially women in households. Through policy and discourse, the government is exercising its power in formulating a type of subject and modifying women’s behavior to follow the hegemonic discourse of what this study calls “gendered water management”. Also, women formulate a subject position of “water managers” with the responsibility of water conservation in households

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Page publiée le 26 décembre 2021