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2020

TO HELP MONGOLIAN SHEPHERDS FACE THE HARSH EFFECTS OF DZUD

Tibet

Titre : TO HELP MONGOLIAN SHEPHERDS FACE THE HARSH EFFECTS OF DZUD

Zone d’intervention : Tibet
Secteur d’intervention : Environmental Protection and Fight to the Climate Change, Food Security, Agriculture and Pastoralism, Human rights, migration, Training and micro enterprises

Date : Closed in October 2020

Objectif
To make land use sustainable and profitable. To give the young Tibetan nomads the opportunity not to leave their culture and identity, which are based on pastoralism, and without renouncing education and services. To put into effect CYAK cooperative’s business plan and, through that, to promote a cooperative model of land management.

Présentation
The project aimed to strengthen the cooperative system of land use in Qinghai, focusing on the CYAK cooperative as a pilot case so that it could be a model for developing a large-scale network among zootechnic cooperatives. It pointed to supporting Tibetans in starting up a zootechnic business that could meet the families’ modern expectation, but without heavily intervening on natural resources, especially on grassland and without altering the ecosystem and the annual production. Cooperatives and collective land use are one of the strongest strategies to satisfy this need.

In Qumalai county especially the younger generations, regrouped in cooperatives, would like to implement new zootechnic techniques, but they don’t have the means to do that and to ensure that they would be sustainable and profitable at the same time. Moreover, there is a lack of coordination and cooperation among cooperatives.

Nomadism has been the banner of Tibetan identity and the principal model of approach to land for centuries. In recent years, nevertheless, zootechnic activities slipped in an increasingly degraded condition. Here are some of the causes : the shrinkage of seasonal grazing due to mineral and industrial development, the sedentarization and control policy, the overexploitation of water resources, the establishment of protected areas for environmental conservation (in which pasture is forbidden), the land sales, the concentration of all services in urban areas.

ASIA – Association for International Solidarity in Asia

Page publiée le 5 janvier 2022