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Arcada University of Applied Sciences (2018)

Global warming and its impact on water-associated infectious diseases in Eastern Africa

Mattjus, Camilla

Titre : Global warming and its impact on water-associated infectious diseases in Eastern Africa

Auteur : Mattjus, Camilla

Université de soutenance : Arcada University of Applied Sciences

Grade : Master’s Degree Programme in Global Health Care 2018

Résumé
The challenges today strongly related to poverty and demography are the climate changes that comes in the shapes of global warming and unstable climate systems. The changes in our climate are affecting health at many levels already today. According to numbers from World Health Organization, weather related catastrophes are taking more than 60 000 peoples’ lives and that is mainly people in low-income countries. Infectious diseases are still the biggest threat to public health globally, and therefore there is a need to collect information about disease outbreaks and the sources of infection.

This master’s thesis seeks to find out the correlation between global warming and increased water-associated infectious diseases. The aim of the study is to find out what impact global warming has on the water-associated infectious diseases in Eastern Africa. The research questions are : 1.What impact does global warming have on Eastern Africa ? 2.What impact does global warming have on water-associated infectious diseases in Eastern Africa ? 3.How could some of the water-associated infectious diseases be prevented ?

The study was conducted by using a scoping literature review with the framework by Arksey and O’Malley (2005). Analysis was done by using the step 5 by Arksey and O’Malley, which is about collating, summarizing and reporting the results. Conduction of data took place during the period of September 2017- November 2017. The databases used for data collection were the following : CINAHL (Ebsco) and EBSCO Academic Search Premier and ProQuest. Five themes were identified among the articles collected (n =16) and the themes are as followed : Water-associated infectious diseases, Vector-borne diseases, Health impact and migration, Alternative diseases and Sea-level rise.

There seem to be a positive correlation between global warming and water-associated infectious diseases and health in general and global warming has an impact for people in Eastern Africa.

Mots clés : Global warming, Climate change, Greenhouse effects, water-associated infectious diseases, water-associated diseases, waterborne infectious diseases, Eastern Africa, East Africa

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