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International Hellenic University (2020)

Energy policy and climate change in developing countries : The role of Renewable Energy Sources in Africa

Makri, Paraskevi

Titre : Energy policy and climate change in developing countries : The role of Renewable Energy Sources in Africa

Auteur : Makri, Paraskevi

Université de soutenance : International Hellenic University

Grade : Master of Science (MSc) in Energy Law, Business, Regulation and Policy 2020

Résumé
This dissertation was written as part of the MSc in Energy Law, Business, Regulation and Policy at the International Hellenic University. Objective of this dissertation is to stress out important issues regarding climate change and its impacts, especially as they affect many developing countries ; and in particular, for the scope of this dissertation, African ones. In addition, it aims on examining not only the factors contributing to these issues in such countries, but also the role of energy policy in these and how it can become the means toward enhancing development, expanding energy access and protecting the environment in parallel. Under that prism, the role of Renewable Energy Sources in the energy mix of these countries is analyzed. In order to serve these objectives, the dissertation is divided in three broad parts that are in their turn, further divided into smaller and more specifically focused ones. Among these, in the first place, the phenomenon of climate change and its impacts on the African continent is explained, along with the importance of sustainable development for the area. Following, specific African countries are used as examples for which significant indicators are exposed and analyzed. These indicators present the data regarding the development of these countries, the energy production and consumption in these along with their energy mix, as well as their carbon emissions, while the issue of limited access to energy gets pointed out. Finally, in the third part, the ways in which increased penetration of renewables can contribute in addressing these issues is displayed, combined with a short description of proposed RES policies and already successful examples of such policies as well.

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Page publiée le 5 janvier 2022