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Ain Shams University (2021)

MANAGEMENT OF FERTIGATON UNDER ARID CONDITION

BAKR, SHERIN AHMED MAHMOUD.

Titre : MANAGEMENT OF FERTIGATON UNDER ARID CONDITION

Auteur : BAKR, SHERIN AHMED MAHMOUD.

Etablissement de soutenance : Ain Shams University

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in Agricultural Sciences 2021

Résumé partiel
Excessive use of chemical fertilizers leads to soil destruction, water and environmental pollution, reduced productivity, low product quality, water distribution and fertilizer efficiency. Good irrigation and fertilization systems management methods is very important to prevent soil and plant conservation and achieving highest efficiency of water and fertilizer use ,to produce high quality and quantity crops for increasing local production and export. Onion and cowpea are important crops in Egyptian cultivators. Onion is strategy crops for export, and cowpea is called a poor men’s meat. The current study was conducted through two open field experiments on onion and cowpea crops and seasons, to manage suitable fertigation programs through fertilizer type, form, and time vs. emitters type and discharges and to investigate their impacts on some plant attributes, yield and irrigation water productivity. The first Experiment was carried out from open field in private farm for vegetables and fruits production, located in Hosen sector at Alexandria Cairo desert road km 70 from Cairo, El-Behiara governorate for Onion seeds, design for the first experiment was a split plot design with four replicates and two factors. Main factor : effect of fertilizer application method “Fm” : Cattle manure (F1), mixing of cattle manure and chemical fertilizer “fertigation” with rate of 30 :70 (F2) and chemical fertilizer “fertigation” (F3). Second factor : emitters type : OT4 ”I1”, emitters built in drip line ( GR 16) “I2” and emitters, anti roots “I3” and each sub-plot is was 3.5 m long and 3 m., wide (10.5m2 ie. 1/400 fed. ) and include 6 rows 50 cm wide, each 3.5 m long and the distance between sub-plots is left as 1 m to create a buffer zone

Présentation étendue (EULC)

Page publiée le 25 février 2022