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Ain Shams University (2020)

The Feasibility of Land Readjustment for Informal Areas’ Upgrading Strategies in Egypt/

Atta,Asmaa Atef Abdelaziz Ahmed

Titre : The Feasibility of Land Readjustment for Informal Areas’ Upgrading Strategies in Egypt/

Auteur : Atta,Asmaa Atef Abdelaziz Ahmed

Etablissement de soutenance : Ain Shams University

Grade : Master of Science in Urban Planning and Environmental Studies 2020

Résumé partiel
Urban growth has become a synonymous with informal areas growth in Egypt, Sadly, Informality has become one of the urban and rural areas’ characteristics. The vast majority of Egypt’s urban and rural population lives, works and produces in the Nile Valley and Delta, on about less than 5% of Egypt’s land area. This reflects the spatial imbalance between over crowdedness in the Nile Valley and Delta and the sparsely uninhabited desert land. Over the past decades, the Egyptian government has therefore adopted two major sets of policies to address this imbalance : a) Directing urban expansion outside the Nile Valley and Delta or b) planning existing cities’ expansion. It is becoming a dire need to provide plan-oriented development projects to change the land-use within informal areas’ form or nature to improve public facilities (roads, housing, proper infrastructure, services… etc.) that, accordingly, will promote better housing. Since Physical, economic and social handicaps are self-reinforcing resulting in spatially concentrated poor and creating a culture of poverty. This research aims to provide a result-based analysis for the Land Readjustment Method (LRM) in Egypt, as an alternative method for urban upgrading strategies with respect to the Egypt’s urban / rural policies’ settings. The thesis presents an in-depth search and analysis of LRM seeking to provide that LRM feasibility in developing countries like Egypt. The research settings take place within a successful Egyptian Case study “El Rezqa Area, Banha, Qalyoubia Governorate, Egypt” where LRM has been applied in a natural policy and institutional Egyptian settings. In the framework of the Achieving Sustainable Urban Development Project (ASUD), UN Habitat Egypt tackled the rapid urbanization process from a new perspective. This research study will address both sustainability and suitability of the planning of cities, while considering the main focus on the planning of urban/rural expansion areas. The aim has been to enhance the planning process in a controlled and sustainable manner so that the expected socio-economic benefits deriving from this process can be translated into an equitable and efficient urban settlement pattern rather than creation of informal areas. Hereby, the chosen case intends to understand the reasons behind the failing of the current planning process on the one hand and the introduction of innovative concepts and tools like land LRM on the other hand.

Présentation étendue (EULC)

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