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Universidad de Chile (2013)

Relación de la evapotranspiración real con la humedad disponible del suelo en ecosistemas naturales de zonas áridas

Muñoz Toro, Nicolás ;

Titre : Relación de la evapotranspiración real con la humedad disponible del suelo en ecosistemas naturales de zonas áridas

Auteur :

  • Université de soutenance : Universidad de Chile

Grade : Ingeniero en Recursos Naturales Renovables 2013

Résumé
Many ecological processes are affected by soil moisture, which is essential in fields of agronomy and management of renewable natural resources. In the last years, Remote sensing and GIS tools has been used for spatial characterization of soil moisture. Although promising results, this tools are not used as a routine practice in the management of natural resources due to the lack of knowledge in relationships between different ecosystem components in ecological significant areas, such as arid zones. In particular, the daily evapotranspiration ( ) is a key variable, because is strongly driven by soil moisture. The objective of the study is to determine the relationships between and Available Soil Moisture ( ) over different topographical zones in an arid watershed of the Coquimbo Region. Daily actual Evapotranspiration for September 23th of 2003 and first and second order topographic products were mapped from ASTER imagery. Data of variables related to soil moisture and textures were retrieved from 30 locations. The relationship between moisture vs and textures vs topography were evaluated. Amongst the simple topographic variables, slope explained 29% of the water content ; meanwhile 5000 meter radius explains 14% of and 36% of Silt percent. The moisture vs relationship in different topographical zones improves the fitting and significance of the regression at various observational scales. However, the topographic classifications strongly rely on the parameters of the algorithms, because there is no single criterion for classification. It is concluded that of September 23th of 2003 has significant relationship with for Middle Slope zones in Las Cardas watershed.

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