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Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile (2020)

Drought and domestic violence : evidence from rural Chile

Goyeneche M., Claudia de

Titre : Drought and domestic violence : evidence from rural Chile

Auteur : Goyeneche M., Claudia de

Université de soutenance : Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile

Grade : Magíster en Economía 2020

Résumé
The present work explores the effects of drought on the rate of domestic violence complaints in rural districts of Chile using (i) a Differences-in-Differences with fixed-effects approach, (ii) a Dose Treatment that hinges on the districts’ primary crops growing season, and (iii) a Triple Differences approach exploiting the crop’s water need period. Also, I present an intra-household bargaining model with information asymmetries. It suggests that in the event of a negative income shock to the husband, the rate of domestic violence complaints should decrease, while if the same shock hits the wife, the rate increases. My results show that domestic violence complaints diminish between 2% and 8% when drought hits a location, consistent with the instrumental value theory predictions. In Chile, a drought shock translates into less violence because agriculture is a strongly men-labor intensive industry, which implies, household-wise, that more husbands than wives could suffer a negative income shock under a drought context.

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Page publiée le 7 mai 2022