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Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) 2020

Intergenerational Relationships and Expectations Among Urban Affluent and Peasant Families in Ethiopia : Children’s Perspectives

Kassa, Sophia Chanyalew

Titre : Intergenerational Relationships and Expectations Among Urban Affluent and Peasant Families in Ethiopia : Children’s Perspectives

Auteur : Kassa, Sophia Chanyalew

Université de soutenance : Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU)

Grade : Doctoral thesis 2020

Résumé
This thesis explores children’s relationships with parents and family members in Ethiopia. It examines expectations and intergenerational relationships among affluent and peasant families in two settings : Addis Ababa and rural Dangila, Ethiopia. The thesis looks into the values that are embedded in contemporary childhood in Ethiopia and how those values shape familial expectations placed on children and thus intergenerational relationships. Within the context of the relationships children and parents have, childing (the act of being a child) and the various positions children assume as well as the nature of the relationships they have with parents and family members are explored and analyzed.

The two contrasting study settings were chosen to shed light on the diversities and commonalities of intergenerational relationships and childhoods in Ethiopia. To generate data, I carried out seven months of ethnographic fieldwork where both children and parents were informants. Semi-structured interviews, diary, story writing, key informant interview, informal talk, and semi-participant observation were used for generation of data. These methods were applied to bring children’s perspectives to the center of the research and position children as the primary informants about their own lives. The methods also helped to shed light on the everyday context of the children’s lives and the roles they take in that context. In the urban affluent families in Addis Ababa, children’s everyday lives is a reflection of the socio-economic status of parents and the technical and material conditions in which children grow up, whereas in the peasant families in Dangila, daily life mirrors the complex socio-economic and cultural responsibilities children hold within their families and community.

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Page publiée le 9 avril 2022