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Accueil du site → Master → Pays Bas → 2018 → Sun, sea, leisure, and energy : the knowledge of experts used for the decison making of renewable energies in urban development areas in the North-Eastern part of Morocco, using AHP

Eindhoven University of Technology (2015)

Sun, sea, leisure, and energy : the knowledge of experts used for the decison making of renewable energies in urban development areas in the North-Eastern part of Morocco, using AHP

Chaïbi, U

Titre : Sun, sea, leisure, and energy : the knowledge of experts used for the decison making of renewable energies in urban development areas in the North-Eastern part of Morocco, using AHP

Auteur : Chaïbi, U

Université de soutenance : Eindhoven University of Technology

Grade : Master 2015

Présentation
The world population is growing, the energy demand is growing even faster, in contrast the fossil energy resources are exhausting. The oil and gas resources will be exhausted in about fifty years. With the growing knowledge in technology alternatives for the fossil resources are upcoming and necessary to postpone the exhausting of the fossil energy resources. Morocco has the ambition to produce 42% of the total demand of energy from renewable energies in 2020. With the growing implementation of solar and wind energy the application of renewable energies in Morocco is a fact. This research investigates these two renewable energy sources together with hydro energy and geothermal energy. The City of Two Seas is a new touristic city in the North-East of Morocco. This city covers a development area of 14.5 ha. This city will be developed by MarchicaMed. The goal of this research is to find alternatives for fossil energy implementation in urban development areas in North-Eastern part of Morocco, since solar energy is widely implemented in Morocco. MarchicaMed has preferences for solar energy as well. The blind choice for solar energy will limit the project, since the area of this project gives opportunities for the renewable energy sources wind, hydro, and geothermal as well. It is for MarchicaMed financially and technically interesting to find the most favourite renewable energy resources for the City of Two Seas according to experts in the field of renewable energies. This is done by literature study, application of MCA and AHP with i.a. a survey distributed around experts in renewable energies, and a case study. The most important characteristics that could help by the decision making for renewable energy forms are Cost per kWh, Life span, Simple infrastructure, and Environmental pressure. In this research is found that Costs per kWh is significantly more important than the other criteria. That influences the rank of the renewable energies highly. The criterion with the lowest Costs per kWh are therefore most favourable. The criterion Environmental pressure has the lowest weight, and therefore this criterion is least important in decision making. Reliability has got a low weight as well. In contrast to the criteria solar and wind energy score favourable on both criteria. Despite of favourable scores in two out three criteria are these renewable energies nevertheless least favourable. Remarkable is that the most favourable renewable energies, hydro and geothermal energy, are not favourable when they are combined.

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