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Accueil du site → Master → Afrique du Sud → 2020 → PROMOTING AGRICULTURE AMONGST THE BLACK YOUTH OF SOUTH AFRICA : THE ROLE THE SECTOR HAS TO PLAY IN CREATING EMPLOYMENT, ALLEVIATING POVERTY, AND ACHIEVING EQUITABLE ECONOMIC GROWTH

Stellenbosch University (2020)

PROMOTING AGRICULTURE AMONGST THE BLACK YOUTH OF SOUTH AFRICA : THE ROLE THE SECTOR HAS TO PLAY IN CREATING EMPLOYMENT, ALLEVIATING POVERTY, AND ACHIEVING EQUITABLE ECONOMIC GROWTH

Mama, Mlungisi Lungile

Titre : PROMOTING AGRICULTURE AMONGST THE BLACK YOUTH OF SOUTH AFRICA : THE ROLE THE SECTOR HAS TO PLAY IN CREATING EMPLOYMENT, ALLEVIATING POVERTY, AND ACHIEVING EQUITABLE ECONOMIC GROWTH

Auteur : Mama, Mlungisi Lungile

Université de soutenance : Stellenbosch University

Grade : Master of Commerce in Agricultural Economics 2020

Résumé partiel
The persistence of rural and urban poverty, the renewed interest in agriculture and a sense of urgency regarding employment for young people have joined in the minds of policy makers and development professionals, to the point where the agricultural sector has become one of the key sectors to look for answers to the crisis of youth unemployment. Unemployment and poverty are major problems faced by developing countries such as South Africa. The problem becomes more severe when it affects the youth more than the elderly, as the youth are the future of any country. The black youth of South Africa are highly impoverished and are unemployed. High unemployment, especially amongst the youth, and high levels of poverty in the midst of the poor economic growth that South Africa has been experiencing, indicates that there has been no inclusive growth in South Africa and the society remains highly unequal. The agricultural sector is a sector that the black youth (and youth at large) do not consider capable of helping them out of their poverty and unemployment woes. The truth of the matter is that the agricultural sector is more than capable of creating decent employment (and selfemployment) and alleviating poverty for the black youth of South Africa. In pursuing economic growth and with most well-paying jobs being in the urban areas (resulting in urbanisation), the agricultural sector and rural economies should not be neglected. Instead, South Africa should ensure that the agricultural sector and rural economies are developed concurrently so that the queue of the urban unemployed is reduced and people find decent employment within the agricultural sector in the rural economies. Through sound infrastructure, the agricultural sector does not just remain in the rural economy and primary sector, it also forms part of the urban economy and secondary sector (agro-processing). This is an imperative link for any economy as the narrative changes : from rural dwellers flooding the urban areas in order to obtain lowpaying jobs and staying in urban slums (shacks) on the outskirts of the urban area, to rural dwellers merely being in the urban area because of their movement within the agricultural value chain (from primary production to agro-processing). This would ensure that poverty within the urban areas, which is often overlooked when certain statistics surveys are being conducted, is also dealt with. There are many unemployed and impoverished people living in urban areas because the chances of getting decent employment is higher in urban areas than rural areas. What is of great concern is that from an agriculture perspective, the rural areas with arable land are left desolate because there is no one there to work the land

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