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North-West University (2021)

The influence of livelihood projects on food security resilience levels in Zimbabwe

Ngwenya, Sifelani

Titre : The influence of livelihood projects on food security resilience levels in Zimbabwe

Auteur : Ngwenya, Sifelani

Université de soutenance : North-West University

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy in Science with Disaster Risk Science 2021

Résumé partiel
Since 1948, the international fraternity and national governments have demonstrated their commitment to food and nutrition security through pledges and policies. Some of these pledges and policies bear reference to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948, the Maputo Declaration of 2003, the Malabo Declaration 2013, the Southern African Development Community (SADC) Food Security Strategy of 2014 and Zimbabwe’s Food Security and Nutrition Policy of 2013. Stakeholders have designed and executed various sustainable livelihood initiatives to prevent, mitigate, and manage the effect of anthropogenic hazards on community livelihoods. Despite concerted efforts and dedication, food insecurity continues to increase in Zimbabwe. This signals a gloomy future, calling for innovativeness, the commitment of all stakeholders, and strategic sustainable planning. The heightened recurrence of, and exposure to similar phenomena despite wide support from government and various agencies indicates deficiencies and gaps that need to be addressed to achieve resilience to food insecurity. Hence, the need for an all-stakeholder approach in committing to pooling of resources. This thesis aims to develop a multi-sphere assessment framework for evaluating food security related sustainable livelihood initiatives. The framework will be used to assess the relevance, applicability, evaluability, and impact of programs. The research explored and examined the theoretical constructs of sustainable livelihoods, food security, resilience, assessment, and their components vis-à-vis disaster risk reduction. The study further traces Zimbabwe’s food security initiatives and challenges, as well as the three international assessment frameworks. These assessment frameworks were analytically compared, interrogating their significant characteristics, structure, and application. Focus group discussions, observations, and questionnaire were used for data collection, to gain insights into sustainable livelihood assessment practices and measures used in Bulilima, Gwanda, Mangwe, Umzingwane districts of Zimbabwe.

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Page publiée le 15 avril 2022