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North-West University (2021)

Impact of rural tourism development on poverty alleviation in the Northern region of Namibia

Gonzo, F.C.

Titre : Impact of rural tourism development on poverty alleviation in the Northern region of Namibia

Auteur : Gonzo, F.C.

Université de soutenance : North-West University

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy in Tourism Management 2021

Résumé partiel
Namibia as a country has been classified as an upper-middle income country. The country has a very rich culture, varied and attractive tourism products. Namibia has however, been rated as one of the most unequal country in the world. In relation to inequalities, poverty in Namibia has been a topical issue since the independence of the country. The Namibian government formulated various policies and strategies such as the Tourism Policy (2008) ; National Development Plans (1-5) and Communal Area Conservancy Legislation (1996) to tackle issues of poverty and to promote rural tourism. Yet, thirty years after the independence of the country, the poverty numbers are still considerably high. Poverty rates in the Zambezi region are still increasing. Hence, the main goal of this study was to establish the impact of rural tourism development on poverty alleviation in the Northern region of Namibia. The research focused on Kunene and Zambezi region. To achieve the main goal, five objectives were explored : The first objective was to analyse the economic, socio-cultural and environmental impacts of rural tourism development through an in-depth literature review. Literature on the contribution of tourism to the global economy, tourism and infrastructure development, tourism development in Namibia, rural tourism concept and various forms of rural tourism, and the positive and negative (economic, socio-cultural, and environmental) impacts of rural tourism development was reviewed. Based on this review, the chapter concluded that the global tourism industry has been developing over the years and this development has the potential to revitalise communities and alleviate poverty. Furthermore, to develop rural tourism, many developing countries including Namibia utilises rural tourism development as a strategic tool for poverty alleviation. The second objective was to explore the poverty concept, causes of poverty and impacts of tourism on poverty through the review of literature. To achieve this objective, literature on the poverty and inequality concept, causes of poverty and various approaches of evaluating poverty was reviewed

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Page publiée le 15 avril 2022