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Accueil du site → Doctorat → Afrique du Sud → 2020 → The vulnerability of women to droughts in Mudzi District, Zimbabwe : the complexities of livelihood strategies and responses

University of the Witwatersrand (2020)

The vulnerability of women to droughts in Mudzi District, Zimbabwe : the complexities of livelihood strategies and responses

Chigavazira, Tendai

Titre : The vulnerability of women to droughts in Mudzi District, Zimbabwe : the complexities of livelihood strategies and responses

Auteur : Chigavazira, Tendai

Université de soutenance : University of the Witwatersrand

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) 2020

Résumé partiel
Globally, the body of literature on climate change responses is heavily centred on the description of climate change adaptation strategies and perceptions there of ; yet misses the in-depth analysis of the selection and application of the different response strategies in drought scenarios. In bridging this gap, this study found that despite the recurrence of droughts, women in Mudzi district continue to rely on rain-fed agriculture and natural livelihoods ; which poses challenges to their livelihoods thereby contributing to their vulnerability. The purpose of this study was to understand and explain the vulnerability of women to droughts through identifying and analysing the livelihood strategies employed by women and how they respond to droughts. Although the ultimate goal of employing different response strategies is to build resilience to droughts, there are complexities associated with the strategies which confine the women to vulnerability to droughts. The study employed the conservation of resources (COR) theory and ecological theory in understanding the issues of vulnerability, adaptation and coping. The theories were complemented by the application of the sustainable livelihoods framework in analysing the vulnerability of women to droughts focusing on the vulnerability context, livelihoods employed, coping mechanisms, and adaptation strategies which are concepts derived from the above theories. In addition, there was a reflection and inclusion of the gender and climate variability concepts on the sustainable livelihoods framework as an integrated approach with the context built on droughts and women. The study followed a qualitative approach and data was collected through the utilisation of semi-structured interviews, observation method and document review tools.

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