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North-West University (2021)

The development and testing of a measurement instrument for regional tourism competitiveness facilitating economic development

Van der Schyff, Tanya

Titre : The development and testing of a measurement instrument for regional tourism competitiveness facilitating economic development

Auteur : Van der Schyff, Tanya

Université de soutenance : North-West University

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy in Economics 2021

Résumé partiel
Worldwide, the competitiveness of the tourism industry is utilised to measure its performance which is categorised as productivity, an encourager of economic growth, and economic development (Webster & Ivanov, 2013:137research methods were required to performed adequate analysis. Therefore, in this study, a mix–method approach was followed by collecting primary and secondary data, quantitative and qualitative data. To achieve the primary ; Rizzi & Graziano, 2017:11 ; Teixeira, 2018:6). Even though competitiveness is a pressing matter, little research focuses on the measurement of tourism destination competitiveness. Lopes, Muñoz and Alarcón–Urbistondo (2018:1) identify problems with the measurement of regional tourism destination competitiveness in stating that the majority of proposals made by organisations and found in research have been implemented on a national level with very few focusing on a regional or local level. It is clear that the development of a measurement instrument is needed on a regional and local level, which will assist in the comparison between regions and as such, improve their competitiveness. In the current study, the problem is addressed by developing a measurement instrument that assists in the comparison between regions and as such, improves their tourism destination competitiveness. There exists the need for a regional (Baggio, 2018:1) and empirical measure of tourism destination competitiveness to guide the identification of well–informed strategic recommendations for relevant stakeholders. As the tourism industry is complex (Martín, Mendoza & Román, 2017:940), various, theoretical and empirical objectives the study was divided into four stages (methods) of execution, namely Stage A (literature review), B (development and testing of a measurement instrument), C (analysis of time–series econometrics) and D (SWOT analysis). Stage A was a literature review of four concepts. The concepts of (i) tourism development and (ii) competitiveness were explained by providing the definitions, types, advantages and disadvantages and relating theories. The review of tourism development and competitiveness concepts provided the groundwork for the discussion on (iii) the determinants and (iv) the existing models of tourism destination competitiveness. Stage B was the development and testing of the measurement instrument of tourism destination competitiveness

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