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Marmara University (2019)

Erciş ilçesi kır yerleşmelerinin coğrafi analizi - Geographical analysis of rural settlements in Erciş district

Bakan, Mesut

Titre : Erciş ilçesi kır yerleşmelerinin coğrafi analizi - Geographical analysis of rural settlements in Erciş district

Auteur : Bakan, Mesut

Université de soutenance : Marmara University

Grade : Master Thesis 2019

Résumé
This study, which is called geographical analysis of rural settlements in Erciş, is prepared as a master’s thesis in Marmara University, Institute of Social Sciences and the department of Geography. Erciş district, which is the field of study, is located in the Eastern part of Anatolian in Upper Murat- Van section and northwest part of Van province. Erciş, on the shore of lake Van, have many advantages thanks to its geographical settlement so it has supported the development of the district from past to today. Having many kinds of landforms, district has terrestrial climate features. Its climate consists of long, snowy winters and short, arid summers. Since its location is along fault line, earthquakes frequently occur there. Erciş district consists of 15 center and 86 rural and totally it has 101 neighborhoods. Within the scope of metropolitan law, villages transformed into neighborhoods and so neighborhoods divided into two parts as a central and rural. In this study social features and the population of the rural neighborhoods were analysed. Population of the rural neighborhoods decreases because of reasons such as unemployment, land division, education, health, tribe conflicts. In this study it is seen that migration from rural to urban areas, with the same condition of Turkey, increases day by day.In this study permanent and temporary settlement’s demographic and economical structures were also analysed. At the same time, residence and its additions and materials of the residence were analysed as well. To decrease the depopulation of Erciş district, farming needs to be supported and farming and agriculture need to be integrated with an industry. Additionally, transportation problems need to be solved and education, health services must be more qualified. Depopulation in rural settlements around Erciş will cause reducing amount of farming and agricultural products. Improving of the living conditions will increase production enhancement rate and migration from rural to urban will dicrease.

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Page publiée le 29 avril 2022