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University of Malta (2013)

An analysis of the special impacts of climate change on two small Mediterranean islands, Malta & Cyprus

Borg, Bernardette

Titre : An analysis of the special impacts of climate change on two small Mediterranean islands, Malta & Cyprus

Auteur : Borg, Bernardette

Université de soutenance : University of Malta

Grade : Master of Arts Islands and Small States Studies 2013

Résumé
Climate change poses additional constraints on small island states, like Malta and Cyprus, since their geophysical characteristics, economic and social set up render their position highly volatile, even more so in current times of economic crises. Using the example of Malta and Cyprus, and on the basis of a thorough analysis of the mitigation and adaptation measures that are being undertaken by these two states, this dissertation aims at highlighting the efforts that small island states (SIS) need to take in order to overcome climatic impacts. The minimal contribution of SIS to global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions is highlighted and emphasis is laid on the fact that mitigation of emissions by SIS may be a less effective policy approach than adaptation. In view of the inherent characteristics of SIS, investment in measures that increase resilience to the impacts of climate change proves to be a more plausible solution to counteract climatic impacts, coupled with the diversification of economies towards those sectors that are less susceptible to climatic changes. For the purpose of this dissertation, the energy and transport sectors in Malta and Cyprus are analysed. Being part of a like-minded community brings with it legal, technical and administrative obligations, as is the case for Malta and Cyprus which are part of the European Union. Such communities instigate SIS to take action on the development of national climate policy decisions and legislation. Even though these obligations may seem difficult to achieve in practice, opportunities of technical and financial capacities cannot be ignored. Mainstreaming climate mitigation with adaptation action into local policy making is recommended in order for sustainable development to be achieved and maintained in the long run.

Présentation (OAR@UM)

Page publiée le 25 mai 2022