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University of Malta (2012)

The European Union’s overseas development assistance in the horn of Africa : a focus on climate change adaptation

Calleja, Juliet

Titre : The European Union’s overseas development assistance in the horn of Africa : a focus on climate change adaptation

Auteur : Calleja, Juliet

Université de soutenance : University of Malta

Grade : Master of Arts (MA) European Studies 2012

Résumé
The Horn of Africa encompassing Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia, is one of the poorest regions in the world having an average Human Development Index (HDI) of 0.413, in 2011. This fact in tum makes them heavily dependent on external assistance to satisfy basic needs, as well as helping them to tackle properly the reduction of extreme poverty. These countries are also highly dependent on the agricultural sector, rendering their economies very vulnerable to extreme weather conditions. Droughts are very frequent and often the people are left without any food and access to drinking water for very long periods. Climate change impacts are worsening such a scenario, with all the countries in the Horn of Africa facing even greater challenges if no adaptation actions are put into place. Severe conditions such as destructive sea level rise and storm surges, more frequent and intense heat waves, and agricultural yields declining in many parts of the world are all predicted if countries do not increase their efforts in combating climate change. On the other hand, even if the necessary actions to combat climate change are in fact taken, some degree of global warming from past emissions is already said to be taking place, hindering social and economic development in all countries, especially developing countries. In light of this information, this study seeks to answer the following question ’To what degree is the EU Official Development Assistance (ODA) more specifically the European Commission’s ODA focusing on climate change adaptation in the agricultural sector of the Horn of Africa, with a specific focus on Ethiopia ?’. The method which was used to answer the research question was content analysis where a number of words were chosen from the literature read on climate change adaptation in order to find out whether or not proper adaptation methods are being incorporated into the projects/programmes or not. When the words are found a thorough analysis of how they are mentioned was carried out. From the data analysis it resulted that despite climate change not being explicitly mentioned in most documents, overall there seems to be quite a good degree of adaptation methods present. Nevertheless climate change should take more precedence m these documents given the urgency of the matter.

Présentation (OAR@UM)

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