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Kenyatta University (2019)

Assessment of Access to and Utilisation of Treadle and Hip Pump Technology by Farmers in Machakos County, Kenya

Gitau, Teresiah Waithera

Titre : Assessment of Access to and Utilisation of Treadle and Hip Pump Technology by Farmers in Machakos County, Kenya

Auteur : Gitau, Teresiah Waithera

Université de soutenance  : Kenyatta University

Grade : MASTER OF ARTS (GENDER AND DEVELOPMENT STUDIES) 2019

Résumé partiel
The purpose of this study was to assess the access to and utilization of the treadle and hip pump technology by farmers in Machakos County, Kenya so that gender responsive strategies can be suggested to improve the uptake of the technology among the farmers. This was due to low adoption of the two pumps in Machakos county after previous KSI/WSU study that marketed and distributed the technology among farmers in the county. The specific objectives of the study were : to establish which irrigation technologies used before introduction of hip and treadle pumps ; to find out how the farmers were accessing to and utilizing pumps ; to examine the challenges facing farmers when accessing to and utilizing the pumps in the county and to suggest gender responsive strategies that would enhance access to and utilisation of pump technology. The study was guided by the social relations framework of analysis by Naila Kabeer. The framework, which gives a political, rather than a technical or informational solution, was complemented by the diffusion of innovations theory. The study used experimental and descriptive research designs for both qualitative and quantitave data. The study had 70 respondents comprising 42 farmers who were pump buyers purposively selected for the study and 28 pump non-buyers identified via snowball sampling method. Data were collected using interview schedules, key informant interview guides and focus group discussion guides. Findings indicate that the majority of respondents used irrigation tools that were powered by human and/or animals. In access, the most preferred type of pump among pump buyers was the hip pump over the treadle pump. Cash and credit payment option was preferred over savings option of pump purchase. In utilization, men used the pump more than women did since men were involved in operation and maintenance as they pedal while women distribute water using pipes.

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