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Kenyatta University (2021)

Natural Resources and Security in Laikipia County, Kenya

Mutunga, Jeremiah Gitau

Titre : Natural Resources and Security in Laikipia County, Kenya

Auteur : Mutunga, Jeremiah Gitau

Université de soutenance  : Kenyatta University

Grade : Masters of Science in Strategic Security Studies 2021

Résumé partiel
The purpose of the study was to examine the implications of natural resource usage on security in Laikipia County since there have been tensions over water and pasture. To achieve this objective, the study was guided by the following objectives : to examine the effect of land use on Security, to analyze of the effect of water usage on Security, to investigate the effect of pasture scarcity on Security, and to determine the moderating effect of culture and law on the relationship between natural resource usage and security. The study adopted the Theory of Environmental Scarcity to draw theoretical constructs that underlined the study variables. The study employed a correlational research design to establish the direction and strength of the relationship between natural resource usage and security. The targeted population were residents of Laikipia County. The study employed purposive sampling technique to draw a sample size of 100 respondents. Data were collected using questionnaires, interviews for key informant, and focused group discussions (FGDs). Quantitative data were analysed using using SPSS version 24 to compute descriptive statistics (mean standard deviation and frequency distributions) and inferential statistics (Pearson correlation and multiple linear regression). Content analysis was applied to analyze qualitative data which was triangulated along the quantitative data to increase validity and credibility of the findings. Analysis of the collected data pointed out that land usage significantly influences insecurity at r = (93) .107 p= 0.45, Water at r = (93) .388, P= 0.00 and pasture at r = (93), .377 p= 0.00. The insecurity was manifested through violent conflict mainly because of migration of pastoralists from neighbouring counties. Water usage has a significant influence on security as the available water sources are not sufficient.

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Page publiée le 17 juin 2022