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Kenyatta University (2021)

Integrating In-Situ Rain Water Harvesting Technologies and Organic Manure for Improved Soil Moisture and Maize Performance in Semi-Arid of Morogoro, Tanzania

Balilemwa, Julieth Joseph

Titre : Integrating In-Situ Rain Water Harvesting Technologies and Organic Manure for Improved Soil Moisture and Maize Performance in Semi-Arid of Morogoro, Tanzania

Auteur : Balilemwa, Julieth Joseph

Université de soutenance  : Kenyatta University

Grade : Master of Science (Land and Water Management) 2021

Résumé partiel
Tanzania experiences water scarcity caused by unreliable rainfall and prolonged droughts. The objective of this study was to determine in-situ rainwater-harvesting technologies used by smallholder farmers to cope with water scarcity and assess the effect of integrated in-situ rainwater harvesting technologies with organic manure on soil moisture content and maize performance in the semi-arid part of Morogoro region in Tanzania. This study included both experimental and survey method. A household survey was conducted in Gairo district while the experiment was carried out at Sokoine University Agricultural farm. The treatments were traditional cultivation without manure (TOM), mulching without manure (MOW), furrows without manure (FOM), Zai pits without manure (ZOM), Zai-pits with manure (ZWM), mulching with manure (MWM), furrows with manure (FWM) and traditional cultivation with manure (TWM) which laid out in a randomized complete block design and replicated thrice. The experimental data were subjected to the analysis of variance using Statistical Analysis Software version 9.4. Survey data were analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences version 16. The survey results showed that smallholder farmers in Gairo district had no knowledge on Rainwater Harvesting techniques for overcoming water scarcity, where, 95.8% of Ibuti and 89.6% of Tabuhoteli farmers planted drought-tolerant crops as a coping strategy during water scarcity periods. This was attributed to lack of in-situ RWHTs knowledge expressed by 97.9% of Ibuti and 83.3% of Tabuhoteli farmers.

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Page publiée le 16 mai 2022