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University of Nairobi (2020)

An Economic Evaluation Of The Role Of Land And Livestock Dynamics In Livelihood Diversification In Baringo County, Kenya

Chepkemoi, Ritah Setey

Titre : An Economic Evaluation Of The Role Of Land And Livestock Dynamics In Livelihood Diversification In Baringo County, Kenya

Auteur : Chepkemoi, Ritah Setey

Université de soutenance : University of Nairobi

Grade : Master of Science in Agricultural and Applied Economics 2020

Résumé partiel
Land in the rangelands of Kenya has been subdivided since 1968 following legislation for privat-ization with the aim of improving productivity, tenure security and reducing land degradation. This transformation has reduced transhumance among pastoralists who were previously nomadic. The change in land tenure institutions and property rights raises a critical concern on the future of the traditional pastoral system in Kenya. Pastoral communities continue to face a mixture of socio-economic and environmental challenges such as land degradation, climate change, land use change, urbanization, population increase and resource conflict. Climate variability comes with erratic rains, prolonged droughts and increased incidences of livestock diseases. These challenges undermine the sustainability of pastoralism as a main source of livelihood for households in the drylands. As a result, people in the drylands are slowly transforming to an agro-pastoral system. The government of Kenya and other stakeholders through the Kenya National Livestock Policy 2008 promised to support the pastoral economy to minimize vulnerability to droughts and con-flicts. As a result, households through the help of non-governmental organizations, County and national government have embraced alternative income generating activities (IGAs). Livelihood diversification is not a new phenomenon in pastoral areas. Most livelihood enterprises have been in existence among pastoral communities. However, there are renewed efforts geared towards commercialization of fodder, honey, livestock and other enterprises. The calls for the adoption and intensification of these livelihood enterprises have been happening without empirical evidence on the influence of recent change in land ownership and livestock production systems on household choice of enterprises. This study was conducted to characterize the change in land tenure, size and livestock population and species, and pastoral livelihoods. It also analyzed the effect of land tenure and other socio-economic factors on the type of livelihood diversification.

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