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University of Nairobi (2020)

The Influence of Climate Change Perception and Gender on Adaptation Actions in Kajiado and Kiambu Counties, Kenya

Abdi, Abdimajid N

Titre : The Influence of Climate Change Perception and Gender on Adaptation Actions in Kajiado and Kiambu Counties, Kenya

Auteur : Abdi, Abdimajid N

Université de soutenance : University of Nairobi

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy in Climate Change 2020

Résumé partiel
Climate change, as a slow and gradual modification of average climate conditions, is difficult to be perceived accurately by local communities that rely on personal experience. Perceptions of climate change play a key role in shaping adaptation actions applied at the household level. Inaccurate perception of climate change could lead to the implementation of ineffective adaptation actions. These, coupled with the influence of gender roles in access, control of the resource, and decision making in climate change adaptation has the potential to derail efforts towards food security. This study, therefore, investigated perceptions of climate change and gender influence on climate change adaptation actions in Kajiado East and Central within Kajiado County in the arid part of Kenya and Kabete and Kikuyu within Kiambu County in the highland’s region. Primary data was collected using fourteen (14) key informant interviews, six (6) gendered focus group discussions, administering 312 household questionnaires, and observations. Secondary data included temperature and rainfall data for the period 1980-2017 obtained from The Modern-Era Retrospective analysis for Research and Applications, version 2 (MERRA 2) which is the latest global atmospheric reanalysis produced by the NASA Global Modeling and Assimilation Office (GMAO). Spatial and temporal characteristics of temperature and rainfall patterns in Kajiado and Kiambu counties were analyzed using time –series analysis. Chi-square test was applied in testing the statistical associations between variables (p≤0.05). The study findings reveal high spatial and temporal variation in both temperature and rainfall patterns in Kajiado and Kiambu County, with Kajiado showing the increased minimum and maximum temperatures and rainfall variability manifesting through increased extended drought periods. There was an observed increase in minimum temperature trends in Kiambu County. The perception of the local communities on the minimum and maximum temperatures were in line with the meteorological patterns. The Chi-square test with the null hypothesis that the respondents’ perception is not related to the actual observations at 0.05 significance level indicated all the p-values were below 0.05 significance which meant people’s perceptions of the trends of both minimum and maximum temperature and the actual observations are similar in Kajiado and Kiambu Counties.

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