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Maseno University (2017)

The Influence of Household Characteristics and Agricultural Practices on Food Security in Semi Arid Agro-Ecological Zones of Nyakach Sub-County, Kisumu County, Kenya

Obuoyo, Joyce Atieno

Titre : The Influence of Household Characteristics and Agricultural Practices on Food Security in Semi Arid Agro-Ecological Zones of Nyakach Sub-County, Kisumu County, Kenya

Auteur : Obuoyo, Joyce Atieno

Université de soutenance : Maseno University

Grade : DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY IN GEOGRAPHY 2017

Résumé partiel
The world is facing decreasing food production from agriculture, especially in Africa where smallholder farming provides most of the food. The importance of agriculture in food provision at household and national levels is now universally accepted. However, in as much as smallholder production feeds majority of rural households, the available global data only exist on well-established food systems and not on the smallholder systems. In Kenya, over 85% of farmers are smallholder mixed farmers. Further, many researchers and policy-makers have not considered household characteristics and agricultural practices as determinants to household food security hence the nexus between them has received little attention resulting in limited comprehensive data linking them. This study was carried out in the semi-arid Agro-ecological zones of Nyakach where agriculture is the main source of food and food poverty level is 65.0%. Agricultural practices that the smallholder farmers engage in could be a fundamental factor influencing household food security. Studies on food security in Nyakach Sub-County have, however, concentrated on Economic Partnership Agreements and commercial agriculture. There was therefore need to determine the influence of agricultural practices by smallholder farmers on household food security. The study adds to the existing body of knowledge and forms a basis for further research and policy analysis on agriculture and food security in semi-arid environments. The broad objective of the study was to assess the influence of agricultural practices on food security. The specific objectives were : to determine the influence of demographic and socio-economic household characteristics on food security ; to examine the influence of crop farming practices on household food security ; to examine the influence of livestock farming on household food security. The study population was 9,331 households. The sample size was 384 households selected using Proportionate Stratified sampling method. Purposive sampling was used to identify key informants.

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