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Kisii University (2021)

IMPLICATIONS OF SAND HARVESTING ON THE ECONOMY OF THE INHABITANTS OF RACHUONYO EAST SUB-COUNTY IN HOMA BAY COUNTY- KENYA

OGAL, FRANC OUMA

Titre : IMPLICATIONS OF SAND HARVESTING ON THE ECONOMY OF THE INHABITANTS OF RACHUONYO EAST SUB-COUNTY IN HOMA BAY COUNTY- KENYA

Auteur : OGAL, FRANC OUMA

Université de soutenance : Kisii University

Grade : MASTERS IN GEOGRAPHY 2021

Résumé partiel
Sand is one of the major raw materials in the burgeoning building and construction industry and its mining, distribution and use bequeaths both the rural and urban population with work as miners, loaders, transporters, vendors and builders. Sand harvesting may lead to destruction of roads, dereliction of agricultural farms since road side and onsite/farms sand harvesting is increasingly becoming popular and much easier. The business of sand harvesting appears lucrative to sand dealers not minding the effect on the environment. The study therefore sought to unravel the intricacies associated with sand harvesting activities, sustainable use of sand resource in line with the existing sand mining policies and how best the resource can be used for economic productivity of the inhabitants of Rachuonyo East Sub County in Homa Bay County. The study was guided by the following objectives ; To examine the underlying causes of sand harvesting activities in Rachuonyo East Sub County in Homa Bay County, To assess the extent to which sand harvesting activities have been carried out in compliance with the existing sand mining policies of both National and County Governments in Rachuonyo East Sub County in Homa Bay County, To evaluate the economic implications of sand harvesting activities on the inhabitants of Rachuonyo East Sub County in Homa Bay County. Literature related to the study was reviewed. The study was guided by the Sustainable Livelihoods Approach Theory. Descriptive survey was employed in the study and simple random sampling technique was used to arrive at the respondents. Data was collected using questionnaires and interview schedules. The target population was 1,626 of which a sample of 489 was selected. A pilot study was conducted in the nearby Nyando Sub-County in Kisumu County. Data was analyzed using descriptive statistics with the use of frequency counts, percentages, tables and graphs. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 18.0 computer programme. The study found out that the main reasons for involvement in sand harvesting activities were to obtain both primary and secondary needs by the inhabitants

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