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Kisii University (2021)

DEVOLUTION AND INTER-CLAN CONFLICT IN KENYA : A CASE OF MANDERA COUNTY

ALI, JACOB HAJI

Titre : DEVOLUTION AND INTER-CLAN CONFLICT IN KENYA : A CASE OF MANDERA COUNTY

Auteur : ALI, JACOB HAJI

Université de soutenance : Kisii University

Grade : DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY IN LEADERSHIP AND GOVERNANCE 2021

Résumé partiel
Mandera County has been a hotbed of the recurrent inter-clan conflict between Garre, Degodia, and Muralle clans that erupts from time to time. Past research attributed these inter-clan conflicts to the scarce resources at their disposal and their nomadic tendencies in a region that is occasioned by long spell of droughts. This makes members of these clans encroach rival clans’ ancestral land in search of water points and pastures for their starving herds. Today, through the government of Kenya and World Bank, various initiatives have been prioritized to cushion communities living in arid and semi-arid land. In particular, constituency development fund, (amounting to 3.1 billion) in the last five years, and the implementation of regional pastoral livelihood resilient project of 6.5 billion in arid-and-semi-arid land have helped in building boreholes able to provide water perennially. Pasture in form of grass and fallow are being distributed to the pastoralist communities during severe droughts as well as selling of the herds when the situation is unbearable. However, even after putting such interventions to prevent and manage inter-clan conflict occasioned by constrained resources, the situation has kept erupting from time to time. This study therefore aimed at examining the influence of devolution on the inter-clan conflicts in Kenya a case of Mandera County. The specific objectives of this research were to : examine the relation between County leadership and inter-clan conflict ; assess how existing County policies on the resources management contribute to inter-clan conflict ; assess how County resource distribution contribute to inter-clan conflict, and to evaluate the influence of County peacebuilding initiatives on the inter-clan conflict in Mandera County since 2013. This research is of significance to policymakers at the national and county level, in the formulation of a sustainable conflict mitigation policy to curb the recurrence of inter-clan conflict. The research was anchored on Max Weber’s theory of power and realistic conflict theory by Donald Campbell. The research adopted a mixed methodology approach that incorporated both exploratory and descriptive correlational research design. The target population was 319,644. Using Cochran formula, the sample size was 384. From this, 25 key informant interviewees, 50 FGD participants and 309 non-key informant respondents were sampled using purposive, convenience, and simple random technique respectively. The data was collected using interview schedule, FGDs and questionnaires. The quantitative data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics obtained through SPSS version 20 ; while qualitative data from Focus Group Discussion and interviews were analyzed through verbatim narration and thematic analysis. To assess the relationship between devolutionary factors and inter-clan conflict multiple regression was used.

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